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ИД «Финансы и кредит»






Finance and Credit

Periodization of stages of the Russian Federation pension system reforming

Vol. 30, Iss. 6, JUNE 2024

Received: 22 January 2024

Received in revised form: 5 February 2024

Accepted: 19 February 2024

Available online: 28 June 2024

Subject Heading: Insurance

JEL Classification: G22, J14

Pages: 1360-1380


Elena A. MOROZOVA Kemerovo State University (KemSU), Kemerovo, Russian Federation


Ol'ga N. KOZLOVA Kemerovo State University (KemSU), Kemerovo, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Daniil O. CHERNEI Kemerovo State University (KemSU), Kemerovo, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Subject. This article examines the pension system of Russia in the period from 1990 to the present, the step-by-step process of its formation, development, reform, and accompanying problems.
Objectives. The article aims to periodize the process of pension reforming in post-Soviet Russia, describe the main stages, summarize the transformations, and assess the further prospects of the pension system.
Methods. For the study, we used comparative, statistical, analytical, and chronological methods.
Results. The article identifies the key stages in the development of the pension legislation of the Russian Federation and analyzes each of them from the standpoint of setting goals, their implementation and consequences, and the ensuing problems.
Conclusions. The decline in the pension replacement rate, the budget deficit of the Social Fund of Russia, the liquidation of the State-funded pension and the unclear prospects of the new long-term savings programme cast doubt on the sufficiency and effectiveness of the reforms carried out. In the future, compulsory pension insurance will develop towards a pay-as-you-go pension scheme. The funded component of the system will move to the sphere of non-State pension provision.

Keywords: pension system reform, compulsory pension insurance, non-State pension provision, old-age pension


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