Finance and Credit

Infrastructure of the knowledge economy: the system of economic indicators at the micro-, meso-, and macrolevels

Vol. 21, Iss. 39, OCTOBER 2015

Received: 1 April 2015

Received in revised form: 22 April 2015

Accepted: 15 May 2015

Available online: 28 October 2015

Subject Heading: SCHOLAR DISPUTE

JEL Classification: 

Pages: 41-57

Gumerova G.I. Foundation for Infrastructure and Education Programs, ROSNANO, Moscow, Russian Federation

Shaimieva E.Sh. Institute for Economics, Management and Law, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

Importance Considering the development of explicit and tacit knowledge at the macro-, meso-, and microlevels, operation of hi-tech business in hi-tech, medium-tech, and low-tech sectors, it is currently necessary to devise economic indicators of knowledge economy infrastructure.
     Objectives The research specifies the concept of knowledge economy infrastructure and devises the system of economic indicators of the knowledge economy infrastructure at the micro-, meso-, and macrolevels.
We propose our own approach to examining the knowledge economy infrastructure as a system for managing explicit and tacit knowledge in hi-tech, medium-tech and low-tech business sectors. The methodological framework relies upon the corporate knowledge management model at the micro-, meso-, and macrolevels, and classification of hi-tech companies.
     Results We improved the concepts of knowledge economy infrastructure, hi-tech company and specified the system of economic indicators of knowledge economy at three levels concerning 38 types of activities of industrial producers and 36 science-based types of services that constitute hi-tech business.
     Conclusions and Relevance Knowledge economy infrastructure is presented as a system for managing explicit and tacit knowledge per 74 types of economic activities, thereby determining strategic development goals for each group of hi-tech companies in the global and domestic markets. We specified components of economic indicators of the knowledge economy infrastructure on the basis of hi-tech companies' operations, as grouped at three levels: the level reflecting the economic development; the level of openness and innovative activities of companies; the level that immediately describes the management of explicit and tacit knowledge.

Keywords: tacit knowledge, knowledge economy, economic indicators, system


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