+7 925 966 4690, 9am6pm (GMT+3), Monday – Friday
ИД «Финансы и кредит»






Digest Finance

Dependence on imports as a threat to innovative development of the Russian manufacturing sector

Vol. 24, Iss. 2, JUNE 2019

PDF  Article PDF Version

Received: 12 April 2018

Received in revised form: 23 April 2018

Accepted: 3 May 2018

Available online: 28 June 2019


JEL Classification: L64, О14, О25

Pages: 124–134


Khrustalev E.Yu. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (CEMI RAS), Moscow, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Slavyanov A.S. Bauman Moscow State Technical University (Bauman MSTU), Moscow, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Subject The research investigates that the Russian economy became less dependent on foreign imports of materials, spare parts, software and equipment needed for science-intensive production.
Objectives The article comprehensively studies the dependence of the Russian economy on imports, outlines proposals for making science-intensive enterprises less vulnerable to external factors.
Methods The research is based on a systems method and methods of economic analysis.
Results Having analyzed the dependence on imports, we revealed key types of negative factors posing technological threats to the innovative development of the national economy. They mainly arise in production management, creation of productive means, foreign imports of materials and components. The Russian machine building was found to be almost completely dependent on foreign high-precision mixed-use machines and respective components. The Russian radio-electronic industry lags behind the global technological progress, being yet unable to supply domestically produced electronic devices to the Russian enterprises. Some top priority enterprises have automated management systems which are run by foreign experts. The prevalence of foreign equipment, materials, devices, other components and software stems from the low demand of the Russian consumers. Due to some reasons, the Russian manufacturers have not yet been able to offer high quality products to the Russian consumers.
Conclusions and Relevance The import substitution program has not yet worked as it was supposed to. In certain cases, replication of foreign equipment even aggravates the situation, inhibiting the technological development and advancement. We propose demand stimulation measures by leasing the equipment, subsidizing manufacturing enterprises and consumption of national products. Finance of researches into technological equipment, materials and new generation technologies deserves a special mention.

Keywords: innovative technology, competitiveness, import substitution, State aid


  1. Leon A. Enterprise Resource Planning. New Dehli, McGraw-Hill, 2008, 500 p.
  2. O'Leary D.E. Enterprise Resource Planning Systems: Systems, Life Cycle, Electronic Commerce and Risk. New York, NY, Cambridge University Press, 2000, 232 p.
  3. Khrustalev E.Yu., Slavyanov A.S. [Decision making in the conditions of activation of external restraining factors with using of information model of the company]. Scientific Journal of KubSAU, 2016, no. 121(07). (In Russ.) URL: Link
  4. Denisova A.L., Ulyakhin T.M. Upravlenie konkurentosposobnost'yu promyshlennogo predpriyatiya: aspekty kachestva [Management of the competitiveness of an industrial enterprise: Quality aspects]. Tambov, Tambov State Technical University Publ., 2006, 120 p.
  5. Bat'kovskii A.M., Kalachanov V.D., Khrustalev E.Yu. [Analysis of innovative development of the Russian economy and military-industrial complex of the country]. Voprosy radioelektroniki, 2015, no. 5, pp. 204–221. (In Russ.)
  6. Slavyanov A.S., Khrustalev E.Yu. [Tax mechanism to increase foreign investments effectiveness]. Ekonomicheskaya nauka sovremennoi Rossii = Economics of Contemporary Russia, 2013, no. 1, pp. 72–81. (In Russ.)
  7. Maretskaya V.V., Savel'eva L.V. [Issues of simulating technological process of parts manufacturing]. Glavnyi mekhanik = Chief Mechanical Engineer, 2015, no. 3, pp. 44–49. (In Russ.)
  8. Makarov A.N. [Import dependence of industrial enterprises in the region as an economic security hazard]. Ekonomika regiona = Economy of Region, 2010, no. 4, pp. 121–124. (In Russ.)
  9. Vasil'ev A.S. [Technological heredity in mechanical engineering]. Vestnik Rybinskoi gosudarstvennoi aviatsionnoi tekhnologicheskoi akademii im. P.A. Solov'eva = Vestnik of P.A. Solovyov Rybinsk State Aviation Technical University, 2017, no. 1, pp. 198–202. (In Russ.)
  10. Sokolov N.A., Larin S.N., Khrustalev E.Yu. [Quantitative evaluation of the impact of sanctions on the Russian economy in the short-term prospects]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' = National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2016, no. 8, pp. 44–54. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  11. Evseev V., Nalivkin E. [Electronic Components Base Import Substitution and Electronics Development. Problems Consideration]. Elektronika: nauka, tekhnologiya, biznes = Electronics: Science, Technology, Business, 2014, no. 8, pp. 156–162. (In Russ.)
  12. Denning P.J., Lewis T.G. Exponential Laws of Computing Growth. Communications of the ACM, 2017, vol. 60, iss. 1, pp. 54–65. URL: Link
  13. Mitsek S.A., Mitsek E.B. [Russian economy in 2016: Outcomes, achievements and concerns]. Vestnik Gumanitarnogo universiteta = Review of the Liberal Arts University, 2017, no. 3, pp. 6–24. (In Russ.)

View all articles of issue


ISSN 2311-9438 (Online)
ISSN 2073-8005 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 29, Iss. 1
March 2024