Importance The article deals with health protection and examines the deteriorating demographic situation, the aging process, an increase in population incidence, including the vocational one. The dynamics of population health indicators highlights the need for a qualitative breakthrough in health care age groups. Objectives The goal of the paper is to give an opportunity to improve health through innovation-oriented clusters and determine the structure of occupational health management, which should include the basic elements of creating an enabling work environment and a democratic environment in the cluster, the effective stimulation of personnel, promotion of healthy lifestyles, the joint liability of the employee, employer and the State. Methods The theoretical basis of the study were fundamental works of domestic and foreign authors on economics and modern economic science, research in the field of public health. In the process of analysis we used theoretical, methodological and practical materials, analytical information of research institutions, State statistics bodies, centers and departments. Also we used the economic-statistical methods (comparison, grouping, and analysis of absolute and relative values), graphics and index methods, algorithm development of managerial decisions, comparative mapping and mathematical modelling. To study the trends, patterns and conditions of functioning and development of the clusters, we have applied methods and tools of a spatial analysis of cities and regions. Results We have considered the tendencies towards innovative concept development. The cluster approach allows creating a new growth point for the internal and external capacity, innovation and investment to change the environment, for the development of health management. We have analyzed the health status indicators for the population dynamics of occupational diseases in the Russian Federation and Perm Krai. We have specified problems and submitted new solutions. We propose a model of not only innovation, but socially oriented cluster as well, which can be implemented in health management programs. Conclusions We have concluded that cluster transformations will change the negative trends in the management of occupational health.
Keywords: innovation, industrial, cluster, environment, social infrastructure, health preservation, occupational health, health management
Bukreev V.V., Rudyk E.N. Povyshenie sotsial'noi ustoichivosti predpriyatii na osnove demokratizatsii khozyaistvennoi vlasti (k teorii voprosa) [Increase of the social stability of enterprises on the basis of democratization of the economic power (toward a theory of the matter)]. Trud i sotsial'nye otnosheniya Ц Work and social relations, 2008, no. 3, pp. 4Ц12.
Gornostaeva A.V., Fedorov O.V. Territorial'nyi klaster tekhnoparkov nizhegorodskoi oblasti [A territorial cluster of technology parks of the Nizhny Novgorod region]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya Ц Modern problems of science and education, 2013, no. 5, p. 418.
Dem'yanenko A.N., Izotov D.A., Dem'yanenko N.A., Ukrainskii V.N. Klastery, TPK, polyusa rosta v rossiiskikh nauchnykh zhurnalakh Rossii [Clusters, trading and entertainment complex, growth poles in the Russian scientific journals]. Prostranstvennaya ekonomika Ц Spatial economics, 2011, no. 1, pp. 93Ц106.
Doktorovich A. O sokhranenii i razvitii chelovecheskogo potentsiala [Protection and development of human potential]. Prostranstvo i Vremya Ц Space and Time, 2011, no. 4, pp. 125Ц130.
Zasimova L.S., Mat'yanov R.K. Bor'ba s kureniem kak element politiki zdorovogo obraza zhizni [Control of smoking as a part of policy of healthy lifestyle]. EKO Ц ECO, 2012, no. 1, pp. 146Ц157.
Zombart V. Mirovaya ekonomicheskaya mysl'. Skvoz' prizmu vekov [The world economic thought. Through the prism of centuries]. Moscow, Mysl' Publ., 2005, vol. 3, 896 p.
Innovatsionnaya politika: Rossiya i Mir. 2002Ц2010: monografiya [Innovative policy: Russia and the World. 2002Ц2010: a monograph]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2011, 451 p.
Kolesnikova Yu.S., Darmilova Zh.D. Sovmeshchenie printsipov effektivnosti i sotsial'noi spravedlivosti v regional'noi ekonomicheskoi politike kak imperativ upravleniya prostranstvennym razvitiem Rossii [Combining the principles of efficiency and social justice in the regional economic policy as the imperative to control the spatial development of Russia]. Journal of Economic Regulation, 2014, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 70Ц81.
Kuznetsova N.V. Issledovanie velichiny i differentsiatsii rabochego i vnerabochego vremeni zanyatogo naseleniya irkutskoi oblasti [A research of the size and differentiation of working and extra working hours of the working population of the Irkutsk region]. Upravlenets Ц Manager, 2010, no. 11Ц12, pp. 22Ц28.
Kul'kova V.Yu., Mukharyamova L.M. Reformirovanie mestnogo samoupravleniya: rossiiskie praktiki v kontekste mirovogo opyta [Reform of local self-management: Russian practices in a context of the world experience]. Ekonomika regiona Ц RegionТs economy, 2008, no. 2, pp. 51Ц60.
Lavrikova Yu.G., Kotlyarova S.N. Innovatsionnoe razvitie stroitel'nogo kompleksa regiona na osnove klasternogo podkhoda [Innovation development of the construction complex in the region on the basis of a cluster approach]. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial'nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz Ц Economic and social changes: facts, trends, forecast, 2014, no. 3, pp. 169Ц179.
Lavrikova Yu.G., Gel'mle E.A. Metodicheskii podkhod k formirovaniyu konkurentosposobnykh klasterov [A methodological approach to the formation of competitive clusters]. Zhurnal ekonomicheskoi teorii Ц Journal of economic theory, 2012, no. 4, pp. 205Ц207.
Lapygin D.Yu. Klasternaya politika v regione [A cluster policy in the region]. Sovremennaya ekonomika: problemy, tendentsii, perspektivy Ц Modern economics: problems, trends, prospects, 2014, no. 11, pp. 3Ц18.
Mirolyubova T.V. Regional'nye innovatsionnye klastery: teoreticheskie podkhody i zarubezhnyi opyt [Regional innovation clusters: theoretical approaches and foreign experience]. Ekonomicheskoe vozrozhdenie Rossii Ц Economic revival of Russia, 2013, no. 4, pp. 80Ц88.
Sakhnov S.N. Innovatsionnoe razvitie i klasterizatsiya zdravookhraneniya v regional'noi ekonomike [The regional economy innovation-based development and public health service clustering]. Innovatsii Ц Innovation, 2013, no. 6, pp. 86Ц91.
Okrepilov V.V. Razvitie ekonomiki zdorov'ya dlya povysheniya kachestva zhizni [Development of health economics to improve the quality of life]. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial'nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz Ц Economic and social changes: facts, trends, forecast, 2012, no. 5, pp. 33Ц47.
Porter M. Konkurentsiya [On Competition]. Moscow, Vil'yams Publ., 2002, 496 p.
Prokin V.V., Neustroeva N.A. Metody vzaimodeistviya predpriyatii v sisteme klastera (na primere Permskogo kraya) [Enterprises in the cluster system: methods of strengthening the interaction (the Perm Territory case)]. Problemy sovremennoi ekonomiki Ц Problems of modern economics, 2013, no. 2, pp. 101Ц103.
Romanova O.A., Lavrikova Yu.G. Potentsial klasternogo razvitiya ekonomiki regiona [A potential of the cluster development of the regionТs economy]. Problemy prognozirovaniya ЦProblems of forecasting, 2008, no. 4, pp. 56Ц70.
Shingaev S.M. Professional'noe zdorov'e molodykh menedzherov na etape adaptatsii k professional'noi deyatel'nosti [Professional health of young managers at the stage of adaptation to professional activity]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya Ц Modern problems of science and education, 2013, no. 5, p. 624.
Mackenbach J.P., Hu Y., Looman C.W. Democratization and life expectancy in Europe, 1960Ц2008. Social Science and Medicine, 2013, no. 93, pp. 166Ц175.