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National Interests: Priorities and Security

Development of innovation-oriented import substitution in Russia: Nationwide and regional experience

Vol. 18, Iss. 8, AUGUST 2022

PDF  Article PDF Version

Received: 16 May 2022

Received in revised form: 25 June 2022

Accepted: 9 July 2022

Available online: 15 August 2022

Subject Heading: Priorities of Russia

JEL Classification: O3, R10

Pages: 1468–1495


Natal'ya V. KRIVENKO Institute of Economics of Ural Branch of RAS, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation


Ol'ga E. KROPOTINA Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin (UrFU), Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Subject. This article analyzes the competitiveness of Russian products and the possibilities and opportunities to increase exports.
Objectives. The article aims to analyze the challenges and problems associated with import substitution, considering the enterprises of the Ural Federal District as a case study.
Methods. For the study, we used the methods of statistical, systems, and comparative analyses.
Results. The article highlights the export surplus for the period from 2020 to 2021 and structural disparities in the field of exports and imports.
Conclusions. There is a need to curtail the dependence of production on imported parts and components, as well as to build up business and enterprises in Russia that can implement a complete production cycle.

Keywords: innovation, import substitution, trends, priorities


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