Importance The article deals with the problem of social security of society and the individual. The deterioration of the situation in the social sphere, increasing threats of a social nature and the need for early action to mitigate the irreversible effects determine the relevance of the research. Objectives The aim of the research is to study the essence of social security and how to ensure it. Among the objectives to achieve this goal, I name the definition of the category of social security, the creation of a system of indicators of social security, identifying the existing threats in this area on the basis of official statistics, analysis of the situation in the social sphere of the Republic of Dagestan in comparison with the overall situation in the Russian Federation, and the identifying the key measures in the direction of social security. Methods For the study, I used the following techniques: a positive analysis, which allowed processing the current indicators in the social sphere; a normative analysis aimed at finding solutions to addressing prevailing trends. Results I am describing my own system of social security on the basis of which I carry out the analysis of the threats emerging in the social sphere. I have identified threats in the social sphere of Russia and the Republic of Dagestan. I have substantiated the role of an effective system of social protection of the population in the provision of social security. Also I am emphasizing the need to combine the two units of measures: of active and passive nature, to overcome the existing threats and ensure the proper level of social security. Conclusions The study led to the conclusion that the threat of social security can be overcome through the establishment of an effective system of social protection of the population, together with measures covering the passive nature of the increased capacity of the recipients of social assistance, as well as internal resources of a regional nature.
Keywords: social security, maximum allowable levels, threats, social sphere, differentiation, incomes, social protection, poverty reduction, targeted social assistance system
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