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International Accounting
 

Russian Accounting Standard (PBU) 18/02: Principles on the balance method use

Vol. 23, Iss. 12, DECEMBER 2020

Received: 5 October 2020

Received in revised form: 5 November 2020

Accepted: 27 November 2020

Available online: 15 December 2020

Subject Heading: NATIONAL STANDARDS OF ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING

JEL Classification: M41, M49

Pages: 1356–1382

https://doi.org/10.24891/ia.23.12.1356

Olomskaya E.V. Kuban State University (KubSU), Krasnodar, Russian Federation
olomskie@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8850-2109

Aksent'ev A.A. Kuban State University (KubSU), Krasnodar, Russian Federation
anacondaz7@rambler.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0838-4729

Subject. This article discusses the methodological features of Russian Accounting Standard (PBU) 18/02 Income Tax Accounting when using the balance method to account for deferred taxes. It considers whether the clarification of permanent tax differences is justified, and it analyzes in detail the features of accounting for temporary differences and offers a visual and descriptive method for determining and correlating them in accounts.
Objectives. The article aims to justify the reason for linking permanent tax differences to such accounting categories as Income and Expenses. It also aims to develop a methodological toolkit that simplifies the perception of the balance method and demonstrates the procedure for determining temporary differences.
Methods. For the study, we used the methods of analysis, synthesis, observation, comparison, and other general scientific methods.
Results. The article justifies the clarification of permanent differences from the position of accounting categories. It offers an original approach that helps visually classify temporary differences. The formalization of the balance method helped identify the logic of its reflection in accounting statements.
Conclusions and Relevance. To ensure that accounting is not distorted due to the impact of taxation, it is necessary to develop a unified conceptual framework, as well as develop existing methods and introduce new ones that do not contradict the public concept of interaction between accounting and tax accounting. The research results are intended for training, scientific and practical activities of specialists in the field of accounting and audit, as well as students studying under this program, in order to study the features of applying the balance method for accounting for deferred taxes.

Keywords: temporary difference, permanent difference, deferred taxes, accounting, tax accounting

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