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ИД «Финансы и кредит»






International Accounting


Revised version, August 2017

Русская версия








All author's materials submitted to the International Accounting journal for publication should be formatted in accordance with the journal's requirements. Unformatted materials shall never be accepted.



The journal’s Editorial Policy is based on and in accordance with the Editorial Policy of Publishing house FINANCE and CREDIT, taking into account the themes of the journal.

The objective of the journal is to provide an opportunity to the scientific and business community to publish original research findings, draw attention to promising and important fields of economic science, strengthen the comprehensive and useful exchange of views between the scientific and business communities in Russia and abroad.

The journal’s main task is to publish materials that reflect the topical issues of modern accounting, theoretical approaches to formation of the system of management accounting, auditing, the transformation of national reporting in accordance with international standards and those ones of other countries.

The journal publishes materials both of theoretical and practical scope.



• Ethics in Publishing

For information on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see Publishing Ethics.


• Conflict of Interest

All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. See also Authors. Ethical behavior


• Submission Declaration and Verification

Submitting the article in compliance with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, RF Federal Law Part 4 of December 18, 2006 № 230-FZ, the author takes responsibility for the following: the work described has not been published previously; it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in Russian, English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder.


• Changes to Authorship

Author names may not be added, deleted or rearranged once the paper has been processed and accepted. Please ensure that the author list is complete and in the proper order when submitting your final version to the processing editor.


• Copyright

Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (for more information on this and copyright, see Copyright polices). An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.

Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. For more information see Permissions.

• Author Rights

As an author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work. For more information see Copyright polices.


• Role of the Funding Source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.


• Language

Please write your text in good Russian or English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these).




You may submit your manuscript as a Word file put in to correct-format requirements noted below for review, or you can do it without such a formatting. In the latter case, the author(s) will have to put in the article in accordance with the requirements of the journal for acceptance, after it is approved by reviewers and the Editor-in-Chief of the journal. Without these conditions, the article cannot be published.

The article should contain:

  • all graphic elements (figures, charts, graphs, tables, maps, etc.)
  • abstract (150 to 200 words, 200 maximum)
  • keywords (5 maximum)
  • introduction
  • research materials and methods
  • research results
  • conclusions
  • references (20 minimum)

Regardless of the primary formatting, all articles shall be reviewed, internally and/or externally, in accordance with the Regulations on Reviewing.



General guidelines for article submission

Regardless of how the article was filed initially, once finalized, the author(s) should provide the entire article revised as a file in Word document format. Text formatting should be very simple. In particular, we do not recommend that you use the text processor's options for aligning text or word hyphenation. However, if necessary, it is appropriate to apply the bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts, etc. The author(s) should be aware that regardless of embedded images in the text or not, the source files of figures, tables, and text graphics can be requested separately and/or additionally.

To avoid unnecessary errors, all authors are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of their word processor.

All submissions must be accompanied by a covering letter detailing what you are submitting. Please indicate the author to whom correspondence should be addressed (in the case of multiple authors) and include a contact address, telephone/fax numbers for the corresponding author and personal e-mail addresses for all authors. Please indicate if this is a submission of the revised article. In such a case, you should specify the registration number of the manuscript. Before submitting a manuscript, you should carefully check the text of the article and all sent files. Please note that all editorial decisions are considered final.


Article Structure

• Length of Papers

The pressure for publication space in journal International Accounting is extreme. In this regard, the processing editor may limit the length of a paper. A paper should not exceed 20 pages (including a recommended number of images (8 or so). Use one-and-a-half-spaced typescript pages, minimum 3 cm (1-inch) margins, and 12 pt font size standard fonts. Preferred fonts: Times New Roman, Arial, Symbol, Courier. On the other hand, extremely short papers (less than 3000 words) will not be processed.

• Pagination

Please ensure that your manuscript is paginated. This will help both editors and reviewers to process it promptly.


• Title Page

Subject heading. Use JEL Classification. See also Journal Subject-Heading List.
Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Please avoid abbreviations, acronyms and formulae.
Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. The family name is recommended to be written in CAPITAL letters. Please present the following author(s) information:

  • academic degree
  • academic rank
  • position or occupation
  • employment, study (name of the institution or organization, including unit, department, faculty where the actual work was done)
  • name of city, region/district, country
  • personal e-mail address (of each author)
Author names may not be added (reduced in number) after a paper has been accepted.
Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.


• Abstract

An abstract is required for all papers. The abstract should indicate the following sections:

  • importance/subject
  • objectives
  • methods
  • results
  • application (if any)
  • main conclusions/relevance
The abstract should be 200–250 words long (not exceed 250 words). Unessential abbreviations (of own making, in particular), any formulas, and references to the reference list should be avoided.

• Keywords

Immediately following the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords which appropriately represent the contents of the paper.

• JEL Classification

Use the JEL Classification codes to classify the articles. See JEL Classification.


• Abbreviations

Define abbreviations and acronyms when they first appear in the article. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article. Acronyms and abbreviations are not allowed in the graphic materials of articles. See Article Formatting. Use generally accepted and established abbreviations of units, names, etc. See Accepted Abbreviations.

• Bulleted and Numbered Lists

Use standard MS-Word tools (Bullets and/or Numbering) to make a point form.

• Acknowledgments

Article Text in Russian: Include Acknowledgments on the title page, as a footnote to the article title (*). List here all legal entities and/or individuals, who provided any assistance during the study, work, research, etc. See Article Formatting. (In Russian)

Article Text in English: Collate Acknowledgments in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those legal entities and/or individuals who provided help during the study, work, research, etc. (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.). See Article Formatting. (In English)


• SI Units

SI units should be used throughout the articles.

• Mathematical Expressions (formulae, equations, functions, etc.)

Please submit mathematical expressions, as well as variables in text, in the MathType equation editor, as editable text and not as images. Mathematical expressions should be numbered in matching parentheses on the right, if they are mentioned later in the text. There must be an explication (explanation) of all variables specified in the order they appear, under each particular math expression. If the mathematical expressions are shown in graphic elements, the explanations should be placed in a footnote to these graphic elements.


• Footnotes

Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many word processors can build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Otherwise, please indicate the position of footnotes in the text and list the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the References list. Footnotes should include brief notes to the text of the article and the sources that are not acceptable to the References list, such as:

  1. articles from any non-scientific journals
  2. normative and legislative acts
  3. statistical collections and archives
  4. sources without specifying the author (e.g., collections edited)
  5. electronic resources (e-journals, online articles, newspaper and any news resources, reports and various studies on the sites, the sites of the governmental agencies, bodies and other organizations)
  6. dictionaries, encyclopedias, and other reference books
  7. reports, statements, notes, protocols and the like
Important! Tutorials, manuals, dissertation abstracts and theses (without a deposit before a notary public) are included neither in the References list nor in page footnotes!


• Graphic Elements

Graphic elements included in the file of the article, should be placed after the paragraph they are mentioned in for the first time, rather than separately in the bottom or the top of the file. All the graphic elements are to be mentioned in the text.

• Charts and Graphs

All graphic elements (except geographical maps in high resolution) should be program-accessible for editing (i.e. they should open in the same software program they are created).
Insert Excel charts and graphs into text by using Insert→Insert Object→Microsoft Graph Chart (Microsoft Excel Chart). Insert Excel charts and graphs into text by using Insert→Insert Object→Microsoft Graph Chart (Microsoft Excel Chart).

Insert chart


• Figures

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. (A separate list of figure captions must be included in the main body of your paper, following the references.) A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

Drawings (figures) are created as follows: Insert→Drawing→Figure→New Drawing Canvas. (MS-Word built-in tools). Use lettering, arrows, lines, and other elements. There should be no items ‘hanging thick in the air’, they must all be interconnected by arrows or lines. Example:



• Tables

Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules.

Tables are created as follows: Insert→Table. (MS-Word built-in tools). A table should have a top-heading and side-heading. Alignment of data in the table is as follows: top-headings aligned centre, the other lines and columns aligned top line, the text aligned left, numerical values and figures aligned centre. Please do not use thick or double table borders; avoid using vertical rules, use shading instead, starting from the second column. Example:


All graphic elements should be in Bitmap (black and white) mode. A Bitmap is an image format that defines an image only in terms of black and white. A bitmapped image is used normally for line art because its elements can only be black and white, unlike a grayscale image. Do not use 3D-format and shading. Use only SI units. Use the preferred font Times New Roman (size 10 to 12 pt.) where possible.


• Titles, Captions, Notes, Annotations

Specify each graphic element’s type and number (if there are several of them) over the element. Place the element’s title next below. Place any data source (they maybe a few), notes, legends to mathematical expressions below the graphic element body, for example:


Important! Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article and vice versa.


• References

All references to other papers, books, etc., must be given at the end of the paper. They should be numbered in sequence starting at the beginning of the paper. The numbers (in brackets) should appear in the text at the appropriate places.
Bibliography should contain not less than 20 references.

As the reference sources, the following materials can be used:

  • articles from published scientific journals (or electronic versions of print journals);
  • books;
  • monographs;
  • published conference proceedings;
  • patents.
The references should:
  • have a clear authorship (proprietary notices);
  • be easy found by web search engines (Google, Yandex, Yahoo, MSN Bing, etc.).
The references should not include:
  • articles from any non-scientific journals;
  • regulatory and legislative acts;
  • statistical collections and archives;
  • sources without specifying the author (e.g., collections edited);
  • electronic resources (e-journals, online articles, newspaper and any other news resources, reports and various studies on the websites, the websites of various agencies and organizations);
  • dictionaries, encyclopedias, and other reference books;
  • reports, memos, protocols, etc.

The sources mentioned should be indicated as footnotes at the bottom of the page. See The relevant section ↑.

Any tutorials, manuals, guidebooks, abstracts of thesis, and theses must not be included in the reference list or page footnotes!

The references are to be compiled in the same sequence they appear mentioned in the text of the article, rather than alphabetically (use the Vancouver Citation Style).

The author(s) is(are) responsible for the accuracy and credibility of all information, citations, and links to cited sources.


• Citation in Text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal (See Journal In-house Reference Style) and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text in the order they appear in it. If there are several references, they should be listed in square brackets, separated by commas or dashes. It is correct to refer to the actual authors using their initials and surname. The reference number(s) must always be given. You can refer to multiple sources, but not all at once.

Correct reference indication: a) '…as demonstrated [3, 6].' b) 'F. Modigliani and M. Miller [8] formulated the important Modigliani–Miller theorem in corporate finance.' c) 'V.V. Komarov [15–17] considered the world trends of social development…'
Incorrect reference indication: 'Theoretical bases of human development are presented in the works by classics of economic science [1–20].'


• Journal Abbreviations

Journal titles should be abbreviated in accordance with the List of Title Word Abbreviations.
If there is no particular abbreviation listed, you must specify the journal’s full title.

• Digital Identifiers

Digital identifiers (if any) to cited references, such as DOI, PMID, and other, should be indicated in the references.



It is hoped that this list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal's Editor for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.

Ensure that the following items are present:
One Author designated as corresponding Author:

  • Full name of each author
  • Corresponding author
  • Academic degree of each author (if available)
  • Academic rank of each author
  • Occupation or profession of each author
  • Work place, education (name of institution or organization, including unit, department, faculty) of each author
  • City, country
  • Personal e-mail address (specified for each author)
  • Full postal address (specified for each author)
  • Telephone and fax numbers
Further considerations:
  • Subject heading
  • Title of the article
  • Structured abstract with the established abstract sections (200 words maximum)
  • Keywords (5 words maximum)
  • JEL classification codes
  • Acknowledgments
  • Numbered graphic elements (charts, graphs, figures, tables)
  • Titles, captions, notes, description to graphic elements
  • All page footnotes
  • Data sources
  • Numbered mathematical expressions
  • Legends to mathematical expressions
  • SI units
  • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
  • References in the correct format for the journal
  • Manuscript has been 'spellchecked' and 'grammar-checked'

Important! Permission has been obtained for use of all copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web).



See details


To check the status of your article, please request via e-mail post@fin-izdat.ru, indicating the individual registration number of the material in the subject line of the message.


ISSN 2311-9381 (Online)
ISSN 2073-5081 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 27, Iss. 7
July 2024