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Regional Economics: Theory and Practice

Value added tax in case of exports from the Special Economic Zone in the Kaliningrad Oblast

Vol. 22, Iss. 3, MARCH 2024

Received: 15 April 2021

Received in revised form: 30 April 2021

Accepted: 16 May 2021

Available online: 15 March 2024


JEL Classification: H02, H25, M31

Pages: 489–506


Elena Yu. SIDOROVA Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation


Aleksei A. ARTEM'EV Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation


Subject. The article focuses on the value added tax in case of exports from the special economic zone in the Kaliningrad Oblast.
Objectives. We study methodological aspects of VAT in case of exports from the special economic zone in the Kaliningrad Oblast.
Methods. We conducted the content analysis of available sources. The comparative analysis helped confirm the reasonableness, reliability and the relevance of methodological guidelines for determining economically adequate tax implications in terms of VAT in case of exports from the special economic zone in the Kaliningrad Oblast.
Results. Importing foreign goods into the special economic zone of the Kaliningrad region and letting them pass the customs procedure of free economic zones, a Kaliningrad-registered legal entity was found to exempt from customs payments, including VAT as part of customs payments under the above procedure. Being transported to elsewhere in the EAEU, any goods in the free economic zone should be treated as foreign goods, unless their status as the EAEU goods is corroborated with documents. The effective tax and customs regulations provide for VAT to be paid on imports into the Russian Federation, including as part of customs payments, and subsequently VAT on the sale of goods in the Russian Federation. VAT on imports, inter alia, as part of customs payments is subject to tax deductions as per Articles 171, 172 of the Russian Tax Code.
Conclusions and Relevance. The taxation mechanism herein is identical to that applying to exports from the free economic zone to elsewhere in the customs area of the EAEU if there were not tax clauses envisaged in Federal Law № 72-ФЗ. Hence, the above clauses seem reasonable to be excluded.

Keywords: customs procedure, customs payment, value added tax, excise tax, special economic zone, Kaliningrad zone, export of goods


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