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ИД «Финансы и кредит»






Regional Economics: Theory and Practice

Cases of social innovations implemented in the public health sector

Vol. 21, Iss. 5, MAY 2023

Received: 18 May 2020

Received in revised form: 5 June 2020

Accepted: 22 June 2020

Available online: 16 May 2023


JEL Classification: J13, I15, I18

Pages: 976–1002


Ekaterina V. MOLCHANOVA Institute of Economics of Karelian Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (IE KarRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Subject. The article discusses medical and demographic processes in Russia and Finland.
Objectives. I evaluate cases of social innovations implemented for the preservation and strengthening of public health in Finland under the auspices of The Global Burden of Disease Study.
Methods. Methodologically, the study relies upon the ideology of the GDB Project, which rests on the DALY (the Disability Adjusted Life Year).
Results. I analyzed the morbidity and mortality rates, DALY in Russia and Finland, determined what mainly triggers the risk (environmental, behavioral, metabolic) fueling some public health degradation. The article provides the insight into the efficiency of some social innovations implemented in Finland and suggests what should be done to outline medical and demographic programs in Russia.
Conclusions and Relevance. The medical and demographic situation in Russia requires new tools to find innovative solutions for the social policy and, inter alia, the use of the GBD technique, which proved to be effective. Referring to evidence from Finland, demographic challenges in Russian can be handled through a systems approach, i.e. socio-economic actions, improvement of the healthcare and social security, wellness propaganda.

Keywords: demographics, health, social innovation, benchmarking


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