Regional Economics: Theory and Practice

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Medical and demographic particularities of municipalities in the Republic of Karelia

Vol. 18, Iss. 5, MAY 2020

Received: 27 February 2020

Received in revised form: 19 March 2020

Accepted: 6 April 2020

Available online: 15 May 2020


JEL Classification: I15, I18, J13

Pages: 966–991

Molchanova E.V. Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of Russian Academy of Sciences (IE KarRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Russian Federation

Subject. This article explores the medical and demographic processes in the Republic of Karelia.
Objectives. The article aims to assess the impact of various factors on regional medical and demographic processes in the context of socio-economic transformation and digital healthcare development.
Methods. For the study, I used a comparative analysis and economic and mathematical methods.
Results. The article reveals demographic features of population resettlement in the Republic of Karelia and patterns of medical and demographic processes in the municipalities of the region. It describes the relationship between socio-economic and medical and demographic indicators, and identifies the benefits and possible risk of introducing modern technologies into real clinical practice.
Conclusions. There are certain man-environment relationships that affect the public health. These relationships need to be taken into account when forming demographic development programmes.

Keywords: demography, health, socio-economic process, Republic of Karelia


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