Importance The article discusses the factors of disability, which refer to the actual task of public administration improvement of the Russian social policy in accordance with the requirements of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Objectives The paper aims to justify differential treatment of persons with disabilities of various demographic profile that most fully takes into account their resource potential, as well as the specifics of distribution according to the subjects of the Russian Federation. Methods To analyze the various statistical data of various domestic and international organizations and funds, I used a statistical method of analysis. Results I studied the international experience in social policy development, approaches to the identification and study of disability, and considered disability factors and their dynamics. I developed and now present a typology of regions, through which I studied the correlation of the level of disablement, general and primary, and demographic factors: the age structure of the population, life expectancy, mortality in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Also, I determine the causes of regional disparities in the level and age structure of disablement. Conclusions and Relevance I stress the necessity of introducing differentiated social policies to different categories of persons with disabilities, adapted to the inequality in the distribution of disability by sex, age and groups, as well as regional imbalances of factors of disability. The results of this research can be used to enhance the effectiveness of public administration at the Federal and regional levels, including the Accessibility National program and interdepartmental plans of the Presidential Commission of the Russian Federation for People with Disabilities.
Keywords: social policy, disability, demographic factors, regional aspects, disabled people
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