+7 925 966 4690, 9am6pm (GMT+3), Monday – Friday
ИД «Финансы и кредит»

JOURNALS

  

FOR AUTHORS

  

SUBSCRIBE

    
Regional Economics: Theory and Practice
 

Innovation activity of the Russian regions: measurement problems and the econometric approach

Vol. 13, Iss. 21, JUNE 2015

PDF  Article PDF Version

Available online: 10 June 2015

Subject Heading: INNOVATION AND INVESTMENT

JEL Classification: 

Pages: 14-24

Karelina M.G. Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University, Magnitogorsk, Russian Federation
marjyshka@mail.ru

Importance The article deals with the problems of interregional differences of innovative development of regions of the Russian Federation. The imposition of economic sanctions determines the need to assess the innovation activity of the Russian regions on the basis of domestic and foreign experience of measuring the innovation development of territories.
     Objectives The purpose of the study is a comprehensive analysis of the innovation activity of the Russian regions.
     Methods I used econometric methods and built a synthetic indicator within the integral objectivistic approach to classify, in a multidimensional aspect, the regions of the Russian Federation on the innovative activity.
     Results I show that regional innovation systems are heterogeneous in composition and performance that leads to the need of ranking the subjects of the Russian Federation according to the level of innovation development. I analyzed the innovation activity of subjects of the Russian Federation on the basis of integral synthetic categories. I present a system of indicators of innovative activity and a hierarchical system of statistical indicators and private criteria of innovation activity of the Russian regions, which covers all participants in market relations and meets the requirements of regulatory institutions.
     Conclusions and Relevance The results of the study have practical significance, as they can be used to improve the existing federal programs designed to diminish disparities in innovative development of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The econometric approach to measure the innovative activity of regions helps to not only assess the innovation potential of the region, but also to identify opportunities and reserves of the regional economy's growth, to define public policies for the promotion of innovative activity of the regions of Russia.

Keywords: innovation activity, integral indicator, region, econometric approach, regional index

References:

  1. Aganbegyan A.G. Uroki krizisa: Rossii nuzhna modernizatsiya i innovatsionnaya ekonomika [Lessons from the crisis: Russia needs modernization and innovation economy]. EKO = ECO, 2010, no. 1, pp. 34–60.
  2. Aivazyan S.A. Analiz kachestva i obraza zhizni naseleniya [Analysis of quality and way of life of the population]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2012, 432 p.
  3. Aivazyan S.A., Mkhitaryan V.S. Prikladnaya statistika i osnovy ekonometriki [Applied Statistics and Econometrics]. Moscow, YUNITI-DANA Publ., 2001, vol. 1, 656 p.
  4. Arkhipova M.Yu., Gutman S.Yu. Osnovnye tendentsii patentnoi aktivnosti v Rossii i razvitykh stranakh mira [Main trends in patent activity in Russia and developed countries]. Sistemy i sredstva informatiki = Systems and Means of Informatics, 2009, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 252–266.
  5. Belousova O.M. Sravnitel'nyi analiz innovatsionnoi aktivnosti sub"ektov Rossiiskoi Federatsii [A comparative analysis of the innovation activity of subjects of the Russian Federation]. Moscow, Akademiya estestvoznaniya Publ., 2011, 195 p.
  6. Borodkin F.M., Aivazyan S.A. Sotsial'nye indicatory [Social indicators]. Moscow, YUNITI-DANA Publ., 2006, 607 p.
  7. Bortnik I.M., Senchenya G.I., Mikheeva N.N., Zdunov A.A., Kadochnikov P.A., Sorokina A.V. Sistema otsenki i monitoringa innovatsionnogo razvitiya regionov Rossii [Evaluation and monitoring of the innovative development of regions of Russia]. Innovatsii = Innovation, 2012, no. 9, pp. 25–38.
  8. Verbik M. Putevoditel' po sovremennoi ekonometrike [A Guide to Modern Econometrics]. Moscow, Nauchnaya kniga Publ., 2008, 616 p.
  9. Granberg A.G. Strategiya territorial'nogo sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Rossii: ot idei k realizatsii [The strategy of territorial socio-economic development of Russia: from idea to implementation]. Voprosy Economiki, 2001, no. 9, pp. 15–27.
  10. Orekhovskii P. Otsenka effektivnosti innovatsii v regionakh: sravnitel'nyi analiz [Evaluation of innovation in regions: a comparative analysis]. Obshchestvo i ekonomika = Society and Economics, 2007, no. 5-6, pp. 203–215.
  11. Polikarpova M.G. Ekonomiko-statisticheskii analiz innovatsionno-tekhnologicheskoi i integratsionnoi aktivnosti v regionakh Rossii [Economic and statistical analysis of innovation-and-technology and integration activity in Russian regions]. Voprosy Statistiki, 2012, no. 7, pp. 45–52.
  12. Polikarpova M.G. Integratsionnye protsessy v rossiiskikh regionakh: problemy izmereniya i opyt empiricheskikh issledovanii [Integration processes in the regions of Russia: problems of measurement and empirical research]. Voprosy Statistiki, 2011, no. 11, pp. 58–64.
  13. Raizberg B.A., Morozov N. Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie innovatsionnymi protsessami [Public administration of innovation processes]. Ekonomist = Economist, 2008, no. 1, pp. 35–38.
  14. Reiting innovatsionnogo razvitiya sub"ektov Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Rating of innovative development of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation]. Moscow, HSE Publ., 2013, 104 p.
  15. Aivazian S.A. Synthetic indicators of quality of life: construction and utilization for social-economic management and comparative analysis. Austrian Journal of Statistics, 2005, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 5–20.
  16. Common J. Institutional Economics. The American Economic Review, 1931, vol. 21, pp. 648–657.
  17. Cooke F., Uranga M.G., Etxebarria G. Regional innovation systems: institutional and organizational dimensions. Research Policy, 1997, vol. 26, no. 4-7, pp. 475–491.
  18. Doloreux D., Parto S. Regional innovation systems: current discourse and unresolved issues. Technology in Society, 2005, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 133–153.
  19. Guan J., Chen K. Measuring the innovation production process: A cross-region empirical study of China’s high-tech innovations. Technovation, 2010, vol. 30, no. 5-6, pp. 348–358.
  20. Morgan K. The Learning region: institutions, innovation and regional renewal. Regional Studies, 2007, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 491–503.
  21. Stroeva O.A., Sibirskaya E.V., Khokhova O.A., Oveshnikova L.V. Regionalization of the innovation management process. Life Science Journal, 2014, vol. 11, no. 8s, pp. 297–301.

View all articles of issue

 

ISSN 2311-8733 (Online)
ISSN 2073-1477 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 22, Iss. 2
February 2024

Archive