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National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

The impact of the initial phase of reforms and transition to openness in China on the family budget decision-making mechanism

Vol. 20, Iss. 6, JUNE 2024

Received: 23 November 2023

Received in revised form: 14 January 2024

Accepted: 27 February 2024

Available online: 17 June 2024

Subject Heading: NATIONAL INTERESTS

JEL Classification: D14, D31, D91

Pages: 1022–1039

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.20.6.1022

Yuan KEFENG Ningde Normal University, Ningde City, People's Republic of China
ykfzxx@foxmail.com

https://orcid.org/0009-0007-1049-244X

Subject. This article discusses the issues of construction of a socialist market economy in China, as well the problems of labor movement and a family budget formation.
Objectives. The article aims to analyze the changes in the structure of income, expenditure and investment of Chinese households in the initial period of the reform and opening-up policy (1979–1999), and justify the need to continue reforms.
Methods. For the study, I used a statistical analysis.
Results. The article finds that at the first stage of the reform and opening-up policy, household consumption and investment returned to normal gradually, becoming free from the negative impact of the planned economy. In modern China, the coexistence of different forms of ownership is allowed.
Conclusions. Economic reforms have laid the foundations for transforming household budget decision-making, but at the same time they have exposed the shortcomings of the citizen registration system hindering urbanization and the labor market development. Problems in the field of healthcare, education, financial organization, urban planning, and environmental protection have become more acute.

Keywords: reforms, openness policy, ageing population, households, budget decisions, socio-economic inequality

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