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National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

Classifying the Central Federal District regions by demographic profile of development

Vol. 20, Iss. 4, APRIL 2024

Received: 20 November 2023

Received in revised form: 25 December 2023

Accepted: 2 February 2024

Available online: 15 April 2024

Subject Heading: THREATS AND SECURITY

JEL Classification: J11, J18

Pages: 716–742

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.20.4.716

Tat'yana I. GULYAEVA Orel State Agrarian University (Orel SAU), Orel, Russian Federation
709tat@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5294-3348

Elena V. TAKMAKOVA Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev (OSU), Orel, Russian Federation
takmakovae@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8333-4820

Subject. This article considers the economic potential and living standards of the population of the Central Federal District regions and discusses the problems of employment and rational use of labor resources.
Objectives. The article aims to assess the differentiation of the Central Federal District regions according to the importance of the main economic and demographic parameters.
Methods. For the study, we used a cluster analysis.
Results. The article finds that among all the Central Federal District regions, only the City of Moscow is characterized by high values of most indicators of socio-demographic development. The dangerous demographic situation in many regions is primarily due to the low value of the gross regional product per capita.
Conclusions. To eliminate the negative trends in the development of many regions, the main of which is the birth rate decline, it is necessary to create jobs, normal housing conditions, and ensure sustainable growth in real incomes of the population.

Keywords: Central Federal District, demographic development, demographic situation, cluster analysis, fertility rate, mortality rate

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