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ИД «Финансы и кредит»






National Interests: Priorities and Security

Investment instruments as the basis of investment activity

Vol. 19, Iss. 1, JANUARY 2023

Received: 29 November 2019

Received in revised form: 13 December 2019

Accepted: 27 December 2019

Available online: 16 January 2023


JEL Classification: G23

Pages: 109–127


Тat'yana А. KUPRIYANOVA Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology (Reshetnev University), Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Subject. This article presents an overview of investment tools used nowadays, as well as the specifics of their implementation.
Objectives. The article examines the essence of investment and investing, in general, analyzes the investment tools and vehicles currently in use, and assesses their economic efficiency.
Methods. For the study, I used the methods of analysis and synthesis, comparison, and generalization.
Results. The article presents an original classification of investments, identifies the main categories of investors and the areas for investing funds. It highlights the peculiarities and prospects of investing in financial market investment vehicles.
Relevance. The considered specific features of investment tools and vehicles can help potential investors choose the most effective areas of investment within the framework of investment strategy development.

Keywords: investment tools, stock market, investor, currency market, investing


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