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ИД «Финансы и кредит»






National Interests: Priorities and Security

Economic and demographic views of Yakut thinker A.E. Kulakovsky

Vol. 18, Iss. 12, DECEMBER 2022

Received: 13 October 2022

Received in revised form: 23 November 2022

Accepted: 2 December 2022

Available online: 15 December 2022


JEL Classification: В19, J11, R23

Pages: 2263–2278


Valentina I. KONDRAT’EVA M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University (in Yakutsk) (NEFU), Yakutsk, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russian Federation


Anastasiya S. BARASHKOVA M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University (in Yakutsk) (NEFU), Yakutsk, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russian Federation


Subject. The article considers economic and demographic problems of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
Objectives. The focus is on the analysis of views of A.E. Kulakovskii, Yakut thinker of the early 20th century, on personal savings.
Methods. The study employs methods of systems, historical, textual analysis.
Results. The paper presents a brief history of the settlement of the Yakut Territory, demonstrates the nature of the main demographic processes and living conditions of the local population. It establishes that the works of A.E. Kulakovskii provide a comprehensive assessment of the causes of demographic crisis in Yakutia, and the main one is extreme poverty.
Conclusions. The ideas of A.E. Kulakovskii were ahead of his time and meet the modern criteria of the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: settlement, personal savings, legacy, A.E. Kulakovskii, Yakutia


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