+7 925 966 4690, 9am6pm (GMT+3), Monday – Friday
ИД «Финансы и кредит»






National Interests: Priorities and Security

Education in Russia: Unsolved problems and searching for solutions

Vol. 18, Iss. 4, APRIL 2022

Received: 7 February 2022

Received in revised form: 24 February 2022

Accepted: 17 March 2022

Available online: 15 April 2022


JEL Classification: I21, I22, I25, I28, J24

Pages: 631–651


Tat'yana A. ZHURAVLEVA Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev (OSU), Orel, Russian Federation


Anastasiya E. ZUBANOVA Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev (OSU), Orel, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Yuliya S. SOROKVASHINA Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev (OSU), Orel, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Yuliya I. GREVTSEVA Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev (OSU), Orel, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Subject. The article considers the educational system reform in Russia.
Objectives. The aim is to formulate recommendations for the Russian education system development, taking into account changes in the needs of the national labor market and human capital formation trends.
Methods. We employ methods of logical and statistical analysis.
Results. The study states that the low level of financing (3.7 percent of GDP in 2020) leads to a decline in the number of academic and teaching staff and students, and the quality of education, in general, is degrading. The introduction of the uniform State exam reduced the motivation of school leavers to enter universities and colleges.
Conclusions. It is crucial to pay attention to the development of higher education institutions in regions. The main problem is to update the material and technical facilities.

Keywords: education, digitalization, labor market, educational process participants


  1. Psacharopoulos G., Patrinos H.A. Returns to Investment in Education: A Decennial Review of the Global Literature. Education Economics, 2018, vol. 26, iss. 5, pp. 445–458. URL: Link
  2. Barr R.B., Tagg J. From Teaching to Learning – A New Paradigm for Undergraduate Education. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 1995, vol. 27, iss. 6, pp. 12–26. URL: Link
  3. Beck U. Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. London, Sage, 1992, 260 p.
  4. Berg I. Education and Jobs: The Great Training Robbery. New York, Praeger Publishers, 1970, 194 p.
  5. Chatterjee K. Shaping the Future: An Online Education Ecosystem. Childhood Education, 2018, vol. 94, iss. 4, pp. 56–59. URL: Link
  6. Dore R.P. The Diploma Disease: Education, Qualification, and Development. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1976, 214 p.
  7. Pritchett L. Where Has All the Education Gone? The World Bank Economic Review, 2001, vol. 15, iss. 3, pp. 367–391. URL: Link
  8. Stokas A.G. A Genealogy of Grit: Education in the New Gilded Age. Educational Theory, 2015, vol. 65, iss. 5, pp. 513–528. URL: Link
  9. Gimpel'son V.E. [Does the Russian economy need human capital? Ten doubt]. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2016, no. 10, pp. 129–143. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  10. Gimpel'son V.E., Kapelyushnikov R.I., Sharunina A.V. [The pathways we choose: Intra- and interfirm transitions]. Ekonomicheskii zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki = Higher School of Economics Economic Journal, 2018, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 201–242. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  11. Rudakov V.N., Chirikov I.S., Roshchin S.Yu., Drozhzhina D.S. [The impact of academic achievement on starting wages of Russian university graduates]. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2017, no. 3, pp. 77–102. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  12. Tsoy M.E., Ivanova A.A., Nagaytsev A.L. [Analysis of promotion tools in additional online education]. Rossiyskoe predprinimatelstvo = Russian Journal of Entrepreneurship, 2017, vol. 18, no. 21, pp. 3183–3206. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  13. Yamshchikova T.N., Zhuravleva T.A., Skoblyakova I.V. [The issue of time limits and other training load of the teacher of higher school in the Russian universities]. Menedzhment i biznes-administrirovanie = Management and Business Administration, 2017, no. 4, pp. 170–184. (In Russ.)
  14. Mal'tseva V.A., Shabalin A.I. [The non-bypass trajectory, or the boom in demand for TVET in Russia]. Voprosy obrazovaniya = Educational Studies , 2021, no. 2, pp. 10–42. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  15. Goncharova L.G., Zubanova A.E., Novikov S.V., Trubin A.E. [Digitalization of higher education modernization processes as a factor of personnel training in the conditions of the digital economy]. Informatsionnye sistemy i tekhnologii = Information Systems and Technologies, 2021, no. 1, pp. 34–42. (In Russ.)

View all articles of issue


ISSN 2311-875X (Online)
ISSN 2073-2872 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 20, Iss. 2
February 2024