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National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

Analyzing the state and development trends in economic clusterization processes in foreign countries

Vol. 17, Iss. 5, MAY 2021

Received: 29 March 2021

Received in revised form: 13 April 2021

Accepted: 26 April 2021

Available online: 14 May 2021

Subject Heading: Foreign experience

JEL Classification: F23, G34, R10, R58

Pages: 808–837

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.17.5.808

Lyudmila I. PRONYAYEVA Central Russian Institute of Management, Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Orel, Russian Federation
pli.dom@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4311-2892

Ol'ga A. FEDOTENKOVA Central Russian Institute of Management, Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Orel, Russian Federation
o-fedotenkova@yandex.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1153-3991

Anna V. PAVLOVA Central Russian Institute of Management, Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Orel, Russian Federation
anna-pavlova1010@yandex.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4322-2530

Subject. The article discusses the existing trends and national approaches to clustering in foreign economies, which concurrently determine the socio-economic parity of strategic growth indicators.
Objectives. We determine the most suitable conditions for cluster structures to emerge in national economies and macroregions, and look for methods to optimize and use how economic clusterization in Russia can be developed.
Methods. The study is based on general scientific methods, such as the generalization, synthesis and analysis, and special ones, which serve for evaluating the trajectory of clusterization processes in national economics across the globe, and point out their specifics. Furthermore, we applied the comprehensive approach to evaluating the development trajectory of cluster structures, and involved classification and identification techniques and the method of grouping and graphic representation.
Results. We grouped countries by purpose of national economic clusterization, and performed the comparative analysis of clustering model through indicative points. The article presents approaches to describing key clusterization centers at the macroregional development level. The article spotlights the most frequent specialization of clusters abroad. We analyzed how cluster structures develop in the European Union, and concurrently assessed the volume of funds allocated to cluster structures there and the existing strategic partnerships of clusters in Europe.
Conclusions and Relevance. The study allows to optimize the existing approaches to clustering of the Russian economy through the analysis of global practices of cluster structures’ operation, which can expand opportunities for making national integrated entities more competitive.

Keywords: clusters, economic clustering, State, macroregions, industry specialization

References:

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