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National Interests: Priorities and Security

Encouraging the innovation as a factor of economic sustainability: Evidence from Vietnam

Vol. 17, Iss. 4, APRIL 2021

Received: 28 January 2021

Received in revised form: 14 February 2021

Accepted: 28 February 2021

Available online: 15 April 2021


JEL Classification: J78, O30, Q01

Pages: 719–738


Thi Hong Van LO Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), St. Petersburg, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Dmitrii G. RODIONOV Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), St. Petersburg, Russian Federation


Thi Kim Chi NGUYEN Vietnam National University (VNU), Hanoi, Socialist Republic of Vietnam

ORCID id: not available

Subject. Currently, the relationship of innovation and economic sustainability has become an important aspect to consider. Analyzing the importance of encouraging the innovation for the economic growth of the Social Republic of Vietnam, we can determine the future of the economic development in many developing countries.
Objectives. We substantiate the relationship of innovation and economic sustainability and outline our recommendations for encouraging the innovation and improving the innovative system of Vietnam.
Methods. As part of the study, we mainly analyze proceedings on the role of innovation in the economic sustainability, materials of international organizations, and official papers of the Vietnamese government.
Results. Having analyzed Global Innovation Index reports from 2013 through 2020, we found achievements and weaknesses of innovations in Vietnam. We determined the main challenges of Vietnam’s innovation system through the comparative analysis of the innovation indices of Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand. The article substantiates priorities for improving the national innovation system of Vietnam, and raising the importance of innovation for the economic sustainability.
Conclusions and Relevance. We suggest what should be done to improve innovation in Vietnam. The findings can be used to set up a mechanism for encouraging innovation, which should become the principal driver of the sustainable economic development in Vietnam and other emerging economies.

Keywords: economic sustainability, innovation, national innovation system, innovation evaluation, Socialist Republic of Vietnam


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Vol. 17, Iss. 4
April 2021