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ИД «Финансы и кредит»






National Interests: Priorities and Security

The threat classification and evaluation of the economic security of the cluster

Vol. 17, Iss. 2, FEBRUARY 2021

Received: 3 December 2020

Received in revised form: 18 December 2020

Accepted: 5 January 2021

Available online: 14 February 2021


JEL Classification: D20, F52, G34

Pages: 225–257


Lyudmila I. PRONYAEVA Central Russian Institute of Management, Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Orel, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Anna V. PAVLOVA Central Russian Institute of Management, Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Orel, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Ol'ga A. FEDOTENKOVA Central Russian Institute of Management, Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Orel, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Subject. The article focuses on a set of external and internal factors that may cause risks and threats to clusters of business entities. We also discuss methodological aspects in evaluating the economic security of the cluster.
Objectives. We construct the tiered classification of external and internal threats to the economic security of the cluster, articulate its evaluation technique based on the comprehensive approach to considering possible risks and threats arising from operations of cluster components.
Methods. The study is based on general and special methods, such as the generalization, synthesis and analysis of scientific findings on the economic security of organizations, including clusters of such organizations. Unfolding the comprehensive approach to evaluating the economic security of clusters, we applied some techniques and methods, such as typification, identification, rating and scoring, indicative method, general analysis techniques.
Results. We commented on the existing proceedings by foreign and Russian researchers on the evaluation of the economic security of business entities and relevant issues. The article classifies external and internal threats to the economic security of the cluster and points out their levels, groups and types. We summarized and examined the existing cluster evaluation techniques. The techniques were found to overlook the complex inner design of the cluster management.
Conclusions and Relevance. As a result of the study, we formulated scientific and methodological clauses that would be interesting for the cluster management and help timely detect real economic threats, predict possible ones, find how their consequences can be eliminated, decide on administrative actions and perform them so as to ensure the sustainable development and the high level of the economic security of the cluster.

Keywords: cluster, economic security, threat, risk, economic security criteria


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