National Interests: Priorities and Security

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Ensuring the civil security in territorial entities

Vol. 16, Iss. 5, MAY 2020

Received: 20 February 2020

Received in revised form: 16 March 2020

Accepted: 31 March 2020

Available online: 15 May 2020


JEL Classification: C13, J28, O13, Q13, R11

Pages: 980–994

Sadykov R.M. Institute of Social and Economic Researches, Subdivision of Ufa Federal Research Centre of RAS (ISER UFRC RAS), Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation

Subject. As the society faces more and more threats and risks, civil security issues become a priority. The civil security means the protection of a citizen from external and internal threats arising from the societal, natural and technological environments.
Objectives. The study evaluates threats and civil security in territorial units.
Methods. I applied methods of the comparative analysis, results of sociological surveys and official statistics.
Results. What seems to put people at peril at the local level is mushrooming threats of emergencies. Evaluating the security of the urban environment, I should point out low road accident rates, good fire safety, more preventive public security actions for people and businesses. In the mean time, I mention weaknesses, such as buildings in residential areas that can be destroyed by land slides, residential areas exposed to karst hazards, floods in cities and houses during spring tides, few people having access to central communication channels, its obsolescence, low capacity and insufficient ramification of sewage networks, etc.
Conclusions and Relevance. There should be a conceptual smart city model, which would refer to the public feedback on the urban environment. At the municipal level, I should prioritize the improvement of emergency prevention practices, expansion and development of video surveillance in publicly important places, air pollution monitoring, rehabilitation of the existing sewage network, geological surveys of karst hazards in urban areas, etc.

Keywords: life security, security, security threats, urban environment


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