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National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

Analyzing the balancing problem at the stages of creating high-tech products

Vol. 16, Iss. 4, APRIL 2020

Received: 21 December 2017

Received in revised form: 9 January 2018

Accepted: 18 January 2018

Available online: 15 April 2020

Subject Heading: ECONOMIC POLICY OF THE STATE

JEL Classification: A12, G18, G28, H61, H62

Pages: 695–714

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.16.4.695

Leonov A.V. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation
alex.clein51@yandex.ru

ORCID id: not available

Pronin A.Yu. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation
pronin46@bk.ru

ORCID id: not available

Subject. The most important and responsible stage of justifying State programs for high-tech product creation is the balancing of program activities. This task becomes especially urgent when fulfilling the customer requirements for efficiency and quality of high-tech products under tight constraints on fund allocation.
Objectives. The study aims to create a general balancing model based on a comprehensive analysis of the conceptual and methodological framework of balancing in various fields of activity.
Methods. As a starting methodological premise – a scientific hypothesis, we substantiate the use of the principle of scientific syllogism, which includes general and special premises and a conclusion containing new scientific knowledge, and the principle of self-organization to take into account internal processes of balancing.
Results. We formulated a conceptual framework for balancing to support the creation of high-tech products. On its basis we developed a general model and described its main parts, including the goal of balancing, conditions, criteria and parameters, and the result of balancing. We also formulated the general problem of balancing and methods to solve it. The paper shows that the problems of balancing and optimization on the one hand and the task of self-organization on the other hand are identical.
Conclusions. The obtained results can be used to improve methodological tools to manage the creation of high-tech products while developing long-term technological programs, mitigate the risk of their implementation, define of sustainable innovative and technological development of the country.

Keywords: balancing, high-tech product, model, self-organization, technological program

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