National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

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Social security system: Gaining access to high-tier social services

Vol. 15, Iss. 11, NOVEMBER 2019

Received: 22 July 2019

Received in revised form: 20 August 2019

Accepted: 2 September 2019

Available online: 15 November 2019

Subject Heading: SOCIAL SERVICES AND EDUCATION

JEL Classification: A13, D02, E02, E22, I38

Pages: 2128–2148

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.15.11.2128

Belaya R.V. Institute of Economics of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (IE KRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation
belaya@krc.karelia.ru

ORCID id: not available

Bykova A.N. Institute of Economics of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (IE KRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation
anaamalia20696@gmail.com

ORCID id: not available

Subject The article reviews the accessibility of social innovations for mentally challenged people, implying that mental disorders shall mean a stable psychological malfunctions and impairment of all development aspects. We also focus on factors helping to overcome high-tier social services.
Objectives The study determines what is required to increase the qualify of living for young mentally challenged people.
Methods We performed the content analysis of the effective governmental programs and laws, national and regional projects for protection of rights and freedom of disabled people. The article analyzes social practices of assisted living that exist in Russia and abroad. We also delve into the specifics of implementing such social practices of assisted living for disabled people in the Republic of Karelia.
Results We figured out what is required to implement the social innovation of assisted living and reaching high-tier social services. The article indicates factors of the ubiquitous performance of such technologies and provides models for rending social services through families and special facilities. We also evaluate the role of social entrepreneurship for promoting social innovations.
Conclusions and Relevance Assisted living helps people with disabilities make a choice and live independently, exercising their rights, which means that this innovation will allow for the enforcement of Article 7 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation proclaiming the country as a welfare State. Currently, the social security system generally fails to make social services more accessible for mentally challenged people so as to improve their quality of living.

Keywords: social innovation, mental disorder, social technology, assisted living, high threshold social services, employment of persons with disabilities

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