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Configuration of global and national innovation systems by parity of innovative development across countries

Vol. 15, Iss. 11, NOVEMBER 2019

Received: 6 February 2019

Received in revised form: 22 February 2019

Accepted: 15 March 2019

Available online: 15 November 2019

Subject Heading: INNOVATION AND INVESTMENT

JEL Classification: F02, F20, O31, O32, O33

Pages: 2091–2107

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.15.11.2091

Smirnov V.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (ChuvSU), Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation
v2v3s4@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6198-3157

Mulendeeva A.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (ChuvSU), Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation
alena-mulendeeva@yandex.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9852-9804

Subject The article focuses on the parity of innovative development across countries and configuration of the global and national innovation systems.
Objectives The study configures the global and Russian innovation systems and determines innovative development opportunities.
Methods The study relies upon a systems approach and rating analysis.
Results We unfold the evolutionary theory of innovative development, ranging from Th. Malthus to S. Glaz'ev, and traces a correlation of the economic growth rate and technological progress, which helps stabilize the leveraged use of overall economic resources so as to satisfy unlimited human needs. The article sets forth methodological provisions, which determine the ability of countries to create and utilize the capacity of innovation systems. We also outline the global innovation system and discovered the capacity of respective countries. Considering the global innovation system, strengths and weaknesses of the economy, we configured Russia’s innovation system, demonstrating what opportunities may be tapped given cross-country innovative capabilities and capacity are used.
Conclusions and Relevance Specializing in chemistry, pharmaceutics, machine building, banking, manufacturing and possessing resources and relevant capacities, European countries took the lead in the global innovation system. The Russian innovation system keeps its innovative potential in education, but fails to effectively use it in the real economy. Findings hereof should be used to form and refine the national innovation system.

Keywords: global reach, innovation, configuration, parity, potential

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