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A comparative analysis of approaches to recreation development in specially protected areas in the Republic of Karelia (Russia) and Finland

Vol. 15, Iss. 10, OCTOBER 2019

Received: 23 July 2019

Received in revised form: 10 August 2019

Accepted: 26 August 2019

Available online: 15 October 2019

Subject Heading: Foreign experience

JEL Classification: P25, Q26

Pages: 1969–1980

Vasil'eva A.V. Institute of Economics of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (KarRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation

Subject The article constitutes the comparative analysis of approaches to recreation development in specially protected areas of the Republic of Karelia (Russia) and Finland.
Objectives The research identifies what distinguishes the development of tourism and recreation in specially protected areas along the Russian–Finnish border.
Methods The research employs methods of comparative analysis and generalization, structural analysis, methods of mathematical processing of statistical data and cartographic method.
Results I formulated provisions on the efficiency of using recreation development indicators, investigated how the borderline position influences the subjects under study on both sides of the border. The article provides guidance to spur the commercialization of the Russian specially protected areas in line with the Finnish expertise and practices.
Conclusions and Relevance Despite an increasing interest in specially protected areas, such natural locations of Karelia have not yet become points of growth for local businesses. Comparing a flow of tourists and recreation proposition in Karelia’s specially protected areas, it is evident that Finland has much higher incoming tourist flows and offers a wider spectrum of services. Finland’s practices should be taken into consideration when organizing the work in specially protected areas of Russia. Logistic solutions and their fulfillment seem to be a cornerstone for recreation activities, balancing interests of all parties and a set of marketing activities. The findings can be used in practice of specially protected areas, by executive authorities at the regional and municipal level, would-be investors and businessmen, thus involving more natural resources in economic activity and make services of specially protected areas more affordable.

Keywords: regional economy, recreation and tourism, protected area, border region


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