+7 495 989 9610, 9am6pm (GMT+3), Monday – Friday
ИД «Финансы и кредит»






National Interests: Priorities and Security

Social and labor adaptation of elderly people in Russia and Finland

Vol. 15, Iss. 10, OCTOBER 2019

Received: 20 August 2019

Received in revised form: 10 September 2019

Accepted: 24 September 2019

Available online: 15 October 2019


JEL Classification: I15, I18, J13

Pages: 1912–1930


Molchanova E.V. Institute of Economics of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (KarRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Burkin M.M. Petrozavodsk State University (PetrSU), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Subject The article examines the demographic process of population aging in Russia and Finland.
Objectives The research compares and assesses the efficiency of mechanisms for social and labor adaptation of elderly people in Russia, Republic of Karelia (Russia) and Finland. We also spotlight the most promising areas for health care, social welfare, labor and professional fulfillment, training for elderly people.
Methods We analyze the current situation using official statistics, including the WHO database and Russian statistical yearbooks. We conducted a comparative analysis of key medical, demographics and socio-economic indicators and evaluate legislative and regulatory documents on social and labor adaptation of elderly people.
Results We comprehensively analyzed the current situation at the macro- and mesolevels by comparing countries and gradually refocusing on regional trends. The article evaluates the efficiency of mechanism for social and labor adaptation of elderly people in Russia, Republic of Karelia (Russia) and Finland. We also analyze programs for physical and mental health protection, health care and social welfare, labor and professional fulfillment, educational propositions for elderly people. The article emphasized the possibility of implementing the Finnish social innovations for the third age group in Russia, including the regional level.
Conclusions and Relevance Studying various aspects of social and labor adaptation of elderly people, we point out key approaches. The findings can serve for formulating programs, identifying negative trends in population aging and creating new approaches to public health protection.

Keywords: health, demography, health care system, population aging


  1. Roik V.D. Pozhilye i stareyushchii sotsium Rossii: vybor modeli zhiznedeyatel'nosti: monografiya [Elderly and aging society of Russia: A choice of a lifestyle model: a monograph]. Moscow, Prospekt Publ., 2016, 336 p.
  2. Kuznetsov P.S. [The technique to gauge the social adaptation]. Sotsiologiya: metodologiya, metody, matematicheskoe modelirovanie (Sotsiologiya 4M) = Sociology: Methodology, Methods, Mathematical Modeling (Sociology 4M), 1997, no. 9, pp. 146–162. (In Russ.)
  3. Vishnevskii A.G. [Demographic consequences of the Great Patriotic War]. Demograficheskoe obozrenie, 2016, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 6–42. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  4. Dobrokhleb V.G. [Social challenges of the new pension reform in the current demographic situation in Russia]. Uroven' zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii = Living Standards and Quality of Life, 2019, no. 1, pp. 59–64. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  5. Novokreshchenova I.G., Chunakova V.V. [The mechanism for rendering medical and social services to elderly people]. Byulleten' meditsinskikh internet-konferentsii = Bulletin of Medical Internet Conferences, 2013, vol. 3, no. 12, pp. 1339–1342. (In Russ.)
  6. Tolchenov B.A., Kutuzova N.V. [Medical-social support to the immobile ill elderly living in a megapolis]. Uspekhi gerontologii = Advanced in Gerontology, 2009, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 364–367. (In Russ.)
  7. Yantsen M.A. [Formation of social services at home for an aging society]. Sotsial'naya politika i sotsiologiya = Social Policy and Sociology, 2016, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 130–136. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  8. Kozlovskaya S.N., Shimanovskaya Ya.V. [Organization and methods of social service the elderly men at home]. Uchenye zapiski Rossiiskogo gosudarstvennogo sotsial'nogo universiteta = Scientific Notes of Russian State Social University, 2017, vol. 140, no. 1, pp. 175–181. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  9. Kovaleva N.G. [Elderly people: social well-being]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 2001, no. 7, pp. 73–79. (In Russ.)
  10. Salin V.N., Glebkova I.Yu., Dolbik-Vorobei T.A. [Employment of pensioners (statistical analysis)]. Vestnik finansovogo universiteta = Bulletin of the Financial University, 2016, no. 5, pp. 58–66. (In Russ.)
  11. Stepanova M.V. [Self-determination of people of the retirement age in the course of additional education]. Chelovek i obrazovanie = Man and Education, 2016, no. 4, pp. 101–106. (In Russ.)
  12. Vosproizvodstvo trudovogo potentsiala severnogo regiona v usloviyakh stareniya naseleniya (na primere Respubliki Kareliya) [Labor capacity reproduction in the northern region given population aging: Evidence from the Republic of Karelia)]. Petrozavodsk, Karelian Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences Publ., 2018, 189 p.
  13. Molchanova E.V. Mediko-demograficheskie protsessy kak otrazhenie sotsial'no-ekonomicheskikh uslovii zhizni obshchestva v Rossii, Respublike Kareliya i Finlyandii [Medical and demographic processes as a reflection of socio-economic conditions of social life in Russia, Republic of Karelia and Finland]. Petrozavodsk, Karelian Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences Publ., 2012, 163 p.
  14. Molchanova E.V., Burkin M.M. [The possibility of introducing benchmarking in public health systems]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo = Journal of Economy and Entrepreneurship, 2018, no. 3, pp. 1267–1275. (In Russ.)
  15. Kopyrina I.D., Ar'ev A.L., Malakhovskaya M.V. [Possibilities of Finnish model of medical social care adaptation in contemporary social economic conditions of Russia]. Klinicheskaya gerontologiya = Clinical Gerontology, 2007, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 50–62. (In Russ.)
  16. Antropova O.I. [Social services for elderly people in Russia and abroad]. Yuridicheskii fakt = Legal Fact, 2018, no. 27, pp. 51–54. (In Russ.)
  17. Golubeva E.Yu., Danilova R.I., Kondratova E.A., Koskinen S. [Family and State cooperation and responsibility for the old man care in the Russian Federation and Finland: Cross cultural context]. Klinicheskaya gerontologiya = Clinical Gerontology, 2008, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 3–10. (In Russ.)
  18. Shestakova E.E. [Organization and financing of long-term care for the elderly: A case of OECD countries]. Upravlenie zdravookhraneniem = Health Care Management, 2015, no. 3, pp. 109–122. (In Russ.)
  19. Akimova S.L. [Finnish innovations in medicine and the social sphere]. Pediatr = Pediatrician, 2017, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 120–129. (In Russ.) URL: Link
  20. Mikhel' E.A. [International experience in institutionalizing the employment of the third age population]. Finansovaya analitika: problemy i resheniya = Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, 2016, vol. 9, iss. 23, pp. 51–59. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  21. Sto sotsial'nykh innovatsii Finlyandii [100 Social Innovations from Finland]. St. Petersburg, Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura Publ., 2015, 364 p.
  22. Danilova R.I., Golubeva E.Yu. [Gerontology work in the context of the Russian culture and recommendations of Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing]. Uspekhi gerontologii = Advances in Gerontology, 2007, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 129–133. (In Russ.)

View all articles of issue


ISSN 2311-875X (Online)
ISSN 2073-2872 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 17, Iss. 11
November 2021