+7 925 966 4690, 9am6pm (GMT+3), Monday – Friday
ИД «Финансы и кредит»






National Interests: Priorities and Security

A systems analysis in developing mechanisms to upgrade the Russian power industry

Vol. 15, Iss. 4, APRIL 2019

Received: 6 September 2017

Received in revised form: 15 September 2017

Accepted: 27 September 2017

Available online: 15 April 2019


JEL Classification: Q43, Q48

Pages: 666–694


Nikonova A.A. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Subject The dominant role of the fuel and energy complex (FEC) in the Russian economy determines both the strength and the weakness of the country. Low energy efficiency and volatility of energy markets increase the vulnerability of the Russian Federation.
Objectives It is important to identify barriers to energy efficiency growth and FEC modernization. These objectives require qualitative and quantitative assessment of conditions and factors impacting the FEC functioning and decision making.
Methods The study rests on the tenets of the general systems theory applied to economics. The energy sector is analyzed as an element of socio-economic system in terms of its stability and security. The systems analysis focuses on obtaining realistic estimates of energy industries across the subsystems that relate to FEC organizations' performance.
Results The analysis revealed system constraints for technological and infrastructural upgrading the FEC industries. They include inconsistency of policies and regulatory framework, inadequate management methods, backward technology, weak motivation for innovation, lack of interest on the part of major economic players.
Conclusions A systems approach enables to define prospects for comprehensive development of FEC industries and to obtain the best solutions that consider resources, internal experience, intellectual potential, involvement of all actors and criteria of local and overall economic efficiency.

Keywords: energy resources, strategy, new technology, systems approach


  1. Livshits V.N. Sistemnyi analiz rynochnogo reformirovaniya nestatsionarnoi ekonomiki Rossii: 1992–2013 [The systems analysis of Russian transitional economy reform: 1992–2013]. Moscow, LENAND Publ., 2013, 640 p.
  2. Aganbegyan A.G. [On the modernization of public production in Russian Federation]. Kontseptsii = Concepcii, 2011, no. 1-2, pp. 60–78. (In Russ.)
  3. Varshavskii A.E. [World financial crisis and the increase in the world instability – the problems in Russia]. Ekonomika i matematicheskie metody = Economics and Mathematical Methods, 2011, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 39–46. (In Russ.)
  4. Varshavskii A.E., Makarova Yu.A. [The need to consider contemporary trends in the development of the military-industrial complex]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' = National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2016, vol. 12, iss. 12, pp. 4–18. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  5. Frolov I.E., Ganichev N.A. [Scientific and technological potential of Russia at the present stage: Implementation challenges and prospects for development]. Problemy prognozirovaniya = Problems of Forecasting, 2014, no. 1, pp. 3–20. (In Russ.)
  6. Nekrasov S.A. Sistemnyi metod issledovaniya – osnova formirovaniya metodologii optimizatsii razvitiya toplivno-energeticheskogo kompleksa. V kn.: Optimizatsiya razvitiya toplivno-energeticheskogo kompleksa [A system method of research as a base to develop a methodology to optimize the fuel and energy complex development. In: Optimization of the fuel and energy complex development]. Moscow, Energoizdat Publ., 1981, pp. 7–25.
  7. Nekrasov S.A. Analiz i prognozy razvitiya otraslei toplivno-energeticheskogo kompleksa. Izbrannye trudy [Analysis and forecasts of the fuel and energy complex development. Selecta]. Moscow, LETO Indastriz Publ., 2013, 592 p.
  8. Bushuev V.V., Kamenev A.S., Kobets B.B. Energetika kak sistema sistem: 136-e zasedanie otkrytogo seminara “Ekonomicheskie problemy energeticheskogo kompleksa” (29 yanvarya 2013 g) [Energy as a system of the systems: The 136th session of public workshop 'Economic Problems of the Energy Complex']. Moscow, Institute for National Economic Forecasts of RAS Publ., 2013, 32 p.
  9. Karl Ludwig von Bertalanffy. Obshchaya teoriya sistem – kriticheskii obzor. V kn.: Issledovaniya po obshchei teorii sistem: sbornik perevodov [General System Theory – A Critical Review. In: Studies on General System Theory: A collection of translations]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1969, pp. 23–82.
  10. Blauberg I.V., Sadovskii V.N., Yudin E.G. Sistemnyi podkhod: predposylki, problemy, trudnosti [A system approach: Background, problems, challenges]. Moscow, Znanie Publ., 1969, 48 p.
  11. Kleiner G.B. Strategiya predpriyatiya [Enterprise Strategy]. Moscow, Delo Publ., 2008, 568 p.
  12. Kleiner G.B. [New theory of economic systems and its application]. Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii nauk = Herald of Russian Academy of Sciences, 2011, vol. 81, no. 9, pp. 794–811. (In Russ.)
  13. Kleiner G.B. [System economics as a platform for development of modern economic theory]. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2013, no. 6, pp. 4–28. (In Russ.)
  14. Gavrilets Yu.N. K sintezu teorii sistem i kibernetiki v ekonomike [On the synthesis of the system theory and cybernetics in economy]. Moscow, MAON Publ., 2009, 24 p.
  15. Kudryavyi V.V. Puti povysheniya effektivnosti energetiki [Ways to improve energy efficiency]. Moscow, Institute for National Economic Forecasts of RAS Publ., 2016, 20 p.
  16. Kudrin B.I. Tret'ya nauchnaya kartina mira kak teoreticheskaya osnova elektrifikatsii Rossii do 2040 goda [The third scientific view of the world as the theoretical basis of electrification in Russia up to 2040]. Moscow, Institute for National Economic Forecasts of RAS Publ., 2016, 55 p.
  17. Bashmakov I.A. Budet li v Rossii ekonomicheskii rost v seredine XXI veka? [Will there be economic growth in Russia in the middle of the 21st century?]. Moscow, Institute for National Economic Forecasts of RAS Publ., 2012, 54 p.
  18. Nigmatulin B.I. Korrektirovka “Skhemy i Programmy razvitiya Edinoi energeticheskoi sistemy Rossii na 2012–2018 gg.” [Adjusting the Scheme and Program for the Unified Energy System of Russia development for 2012–2018]. Moscow, Institute for National Economic Forecasts of RAS Publ., 2012, 57 p.
  19. Ampilov Yu.P. Novye vyzovy dlya rossiiskoi neftegazovoi otrasli v usloviyakh sanktsii i nizkikh tsen na neft' [New challenges for the Russian oil and gas industry under sanctions and low oil prices]. Moscow, Institute for National Economic Forecasts of RAS Publ., 2015, 42 p.
  20. Voropai N.I., Senderov S.M. Energeticheskaya bezopasnost': sushchnost', osnovnye problemy, metody i rezul'taty issledovanii [Energy security: The essence, major problems, methods and results of studies]. Moscow, Institute for National Economic Forecasts of RAS Publ., 2011, 90 p.
  21. Polterovich V.M. [Transplantation of Economic Institutions]. Ekonomicheskaya nauka sovremennoi Rossii = Economics of Contemporary Russia, 2001, no. 3, pp. 24–50. (In Russ.)
  22. Karminskii A.M., Volchkova N.A., Denisova I.A., Polterovich V.M. et al. Strategiya modernizatsii rossiiskoi ekonomiki [Strategy for the Russian economy modernization]. St. Petersburg, Aleteiya Publ., 2010, 419 p.
  23. Nikonova A.A. [Can we copy Western patterns of energy efficiency?]. Energeticheskaya politika = Energy Policy, 2014, iss. 1, pp. 28–39. (In Russ.)
  24. Nekrasov S.A., Sinyak Yu.V., Voronina S.A., Semikashev V.V. Sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya teplosnabzheniya v Rossii [State-of-the-art and development prospects for heat supply in Russia]. Moscow, Institute for National Economic Forecasts of RAS Publ., 2012, 70 p.
  25. Kanygin P.S. [Studies on energy conservation issues in the EU]. Ekonomicheskaya nauka sovremennoi Rossii = Economics of Contemporary Russia, 2009, no. 2, pp. 91–103. (In Russ.)
  26. Silkin V.Yu. [Innovation policy in the oil and gas industry: Problems of catching-up development]. Energeticheskaya politika = Energy Policy, 2014, iss. 6, pp. 46–54. (In Russ.)
  27. Aganbegyan A.G. [Lessons from the crisis: Russia needs modernization and innovative economy]. EKO = ECO, 2010, no. 1, pp. 34–60. (In Russ.)

View all articles of issue


ISSN 2311-875X (Online)
ISSN 2073-2872 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 19, Iss. 1
January 2023