+7 925 966 4690, 9am6pm (GMT+3), Monday – Friday
ИД «Финансы и кредит»






National Interests: Priorities and Security

Information war waged by foreign mass media against Russia: The case of Russia's alleged involvement in hacker attacks during the U.S. Presidential Elections in 2016

Vol. 14, Iss. 11, NOVEMBER 2018

PDF  Article PDF Version

Received: 12 July 2018

Received in revised form: 30 July 2018

Accepted: 27 August 2018

Available online: 16 November 2018


JEL Classification: F51, F52, L82, N40

Pages: 2149–2161


Meshcheryakova V.G. Bashkir State University, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Subject The article discusses the information war wages by foreign mass media against Russia. I review how the myth about Russia's alleged involvement in the U.S. domestic politics and Russian hackers originated.
Objectives The research analyzes means and technologies used to commit information assaults against Russia. I conduct a content analysis of mass media to identify the source of anti-Russian myths. I also evaluate Russia's information security and preparedness to repulse such attacks.
Methods The research relies upon the horizontal and comparative analysis of global events and content analysis of mass media. I refer to official documents and publications by the Russian foreign journalists and politicians.
Results Russia proved to be unprepared for the hybrid information war. Governmental authorities failed to ensure protection and prove that Russia was not involved in cyber attacks, and convince the global community of the absurdity of the claims.
Conclusions and Relevance Mass media exert more pressure as social ties grow, taking new forms as new technologies emerge. Russia's information security is impossible without the precise analysis and timely responses. The findings may be used to prepare general and special training courses of political science, public administration, international law.

Keywords: information war, information security, Russian hackers, U.S. presidential elections, mass media


  1. Greshnevikov A.N. Informatsionnaya voina. Vnutrennii front. Tekhnologii, manipulyatsii, fal'sifikatsii. Kn. II [Information war. Domestic front line. Technologies, manipulation, falsifications. Volume II]. Moscow, Knizhnyi mir Publ., 2016, 102 p.
  2. Matveichev O.A. Informatsionnye voiny XXI veka. ‘Myagkaya sila’ protiv atomnoi bomby [Information wars of the 21st century. Soft power against the nuclear bomb]. Moscow, Knizhnyi mir Publ., 2016, 352 p.
  3. Kara-Murza S.G. Informatsionnye voiny. Novyi instrument politiki [Information wars. A new political tool]. Moscow, Algoritm Publ., 2015, 256 p.
  4. Dobren'kov V.I., Agapov P.V. Voina i bezopasnost' Rossii v XXI veke [War and security of Russia in the 21st century]. Moscow, Akademicheskii proekt Publ., 2011, 224 p.
  5. Viren G. Sovremennye media: Priemy informatsionnykh voin [Modern media: Information war techniques]. Moscow, Aspekt Press Publ., 2016, 128 p.
  6. Kara-Murza S.G. Manipulyatsiya soznaniem. Vek XXI [Manipulating the minds. The 21st century]. Moscow, Algoritm Publ., 2015, 464 p.
  7. Slipchenko V.I. Voiny shestogo pokoleniya. Oruzhie i voennoe iskusstvo budushchego [Wars of the sixth generation. Weapons and military art of the future]. Moscow, Veche Publ., 2002, 384 p.
  8. Zelinskii S.A. Manipulyatsii massami i psikhoanaliz. Manipulirovanie massovymi psikhicheskimi protsessami posredstvom psikho-analiticheskikh metodik [Manipulating the peoples' minds and psychoanalysis. Manipulating the mass psychological processes through psychoanalytical techniques]. St. Petersburg, SKIFIYA Publ., 2008, 248 p.
  9. Kovalev A.A. Informatsionnaya politika i voennaya bezopasnost' Rossii v epokhu protivostoyaniya tsivilizatsii: teoretiko-metodologicheskie aspekty problemy: monografiya [Information policy and military security of Russia during the clash of civilizations: Theoretical and methodological considerations: a monograph]. St. Petersburg, Polikona Publ., 2016, 194 p.
  10. Filimonov G.Yu., Danyuk N.S. Informatsionnyi terror. Taktika i strategiya informatsionnoi voiny [Cyberterrorism. Information war tactics and strategy]. Moscow, Knizhnyi mir Publ., 2017, 256 p.
  11. Belyaev D.P. Razrukha v golovakh. Informatsionnaya voina protiv Rossii [The mess in the minds. Information war against Russia]. St. Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2015, 256 p.

View all articles of issue


ISSN 2311-875X (Online)
ISSN 2073-2872 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 20, Iss. 4
April 2024