National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

China as a possible partner of the USA in the Arctic: Today and tomorrow

Vol. 14, Iss. 9, SEPTEMBER 2018

Received: 16 May 2018

Received in revised form: 8 June 2018

Accepted: 29 June 2018

Available online: 14 September 2018

Subject Heading: INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS

JEL Classification: F51, F53, F68

Pages: 17621778

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.14.9.1762

Kobzeva M.A. Saint-Petersburg State University (SPbSU), St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
markob@inbox.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6054-4374

Importance In this research I examine and review the current and probable cooperation of China and the USA in the Arctic.
Objectives The research studies key focal points of the ChinaU.S. cooperation in the Arctic and possible obstacles for its development. Alaska LNG is referred to as the case in point. I also analyze experts' discourse on the cooperation between China and the USA in the Arctic.
Results I detected positive trends in the cooperation of both countries in the Arctic, which is relatively independent on bilateral political relationships in general. Trade and economic cooperation significantly fuels the interaction of both countries concerning the Arctic issues. Alaska LNG is to become a new milestone. As part of the project, the USA provides the stewardship and operating companies of the State of Alaska, while China delegates major corporations, which are actively supported by the China General Chamber of Commerce USA. What unites China and the USA is that they commonly pursue the improvement of the region's administration, which requires more stakeholders be involved into the process and freedom of navigation be allowed. However, the USA has not yet ratified the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, thus impeding the proper cooperation with China.
Conclusions and Relevance Working with China in the Arctic, Russia should be cognizant of possible scenarios of the ChinaU.S. cooperation in this area.

Keywords: Arctic, China-U.S. relations, Arctic policy

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