Importance As India and Pakistan acceded the SCO as its full members, this marked the onset of the SCO in Eurasia. This will lay the firm basis for the multipolar world advocated by Russia and China. Objectives The research analyzes contradictions in the Russian–Chinese relationships under the SCO that arise from geopolitical changes and challenges in its activities. Based on the conclusions, I outline areas for the SCO development in Eurasia as part of economic, security and humanitarian cooperation. Methods The research relies upon a horizontal and comparative analysis of the SCO activity and global events. I also overview official documents and proceedings by national and foreign scholars. The research also involves the content analysis of the policy and strategy of the SCO countries and compares their results with anticipated possibilities and challenges in Eurasia. Results The Eurasian space is shown to be of geostrategic and economic significance for the SCO countries since its helps oust the USA from global leadership positions, load domestic industrial capacities and develop the national infrastructure, reach new distribution markets, this contributing to the multipolar world. Conclusions and Relevance As I conclude, India and Pakistan's accession to the SCO provide new opportunities for the SCO in Eurasia. To seize the opportunities, I propose how pending issues of the SCO might be solved, possible approaches to admitting new members and implementing economic projects. I underline the need to protect the SCO countries and strengthen the information and humanitarian policies.
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