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Formulation and enforcement of the State policy and the development of special economic zones

Vol. 13, Iss. 6, JUNE 2017

PDF  Article PDF Version

Received: 10 April 2017

Received in revised form: 17 May 2017

Accepted: 9 June 2017

Available online: 29 June 2017

Subject Heading: ECONOMIC POLICY OF THE STATE

JEL Classification: E61, H11, O10, O40, R10

Pages: 1079-1092

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.13.6.1079

Tyurina Yu.G. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation
u_turina@mail.ru

Troyanskaya M.A. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation
m_troyanskaya@mail.ru

Importance The research studies how special economic zones are formed as an effective format of incentives for the Russian region.
Objectives The research examines issues relating to the formulation and enforcement of the State policy, considering the development of special economic zones, thus enhancing the management of the region's competitiveness.
Methods The research is based on general scientific methods of analysis and comparison.
Results The research unveils the concept of the State policy for regional development and presents the classification of the regional development policy types and its development trends. We emphasize the social development of the region as an aspect of the regional policy in a special economic zone. The article highlights and describes principles and forms of the regional policy in special economic zones. We evaluate social implications arising from the creation of special economic zones for the region.
Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that special economic zones are the main and the most effective form of incentives for the Russian regions. This construct and the region’s economic development can solve a number of serious social issues. The regional policy in special economic zones are often enforced in two formats, i.e. public private partnership and special-purpose programs, which underlie the comprehensive approach to regional issues, reduce territorial development disparities and increase the region's competitiveness.

Keywords: State policy, regional development, regional policy, special economic zones

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