Pavlov N.V.Larionov Institute of Physical-Technical Problems of the North of Siberian Branch of RAS, Yakutsk, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Russian Federation email@example.com
Importance The construction of the Power of Siberia gas trunkline is a strong driver for exploring unique helium deposits in Eastern Siberia. In this respect, it is especially reasonable to consider issues of the effective use and preservation of helium. Objectives The research revises issues relating to the effective use and preservation of helium deposits in the area where the oil and gas center of Eastern Siberia and the Sakha Republic is being formed, considering the current situation in the global economy, S&T progress and strategic solutions in the gas industry of the Russian Federation. Methods The research draws upon a comparative analysis of the option proposed in this article and the existing one. The research is based on general scientific methods. Results We analyze the future demand for helium in the market, devise the scheme for the helium storage process. This scheme envisages the formation of the unified central operator and provides for activities that allow to use and preserve the strategic product as much as possible. Conclusions and Relevance Helium extraction, sale and storage should be evaluated in terms of its cost effectiveness only. In the decision-making process, the general cost effectiveness in the long run should be a priority. The proposed scheme requires the State, oil producers, carriers, financial institutions and science to consolidate their efforts. The findings can be used as recommendations for willing enterprises and executive authorities for the scientific framework of investment projects.
Keywords: gas processing, Eastern Gas Program, helium storage, gas export, membrane technology
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