Importance The research attempts to analyze the language policy as part of the economic policy of Russia in the early 21st century. For purposes of the article, the language policy shall mean a spectrum of various ideological principles of governmental control, and a combination of practical activities to address language-related issues in the State and society. Methods The research applied general scientific methods, including induction and deduction, analysis and synthesis, abstraction, generalization, analogy, description, and specific methods fitting into the subject of the research and involving methods of logic, statistical analysis and synergistic method that required to analyze the language policy and search for mechanisms for self-organization of the socio-political system in modern Russia. Results We analyze principal aspects of the language policy in the Russian Federation, and prospects of its development assuming that the language policy is a part of the economic policy of the State, since it is supposed to coordinate institutional, social, cultural, educational, environmental and economic aspects. Conclusions and Relevance The analysis allows to identify key issues undermining the efficiency of the existing language policy. Russia should address those issues as they represent a part of its national interests. The findings are designated to devise a comprehensive mechanism for evaluating the efficiency of Russia's language policy.
Keywords: language policy, economic policy, institutional space, target program
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