+7 925 966 4690, 9am6pm (GMT+3), Monday – Friday
ИД «Финансы и кредит»






National Interests: Priorities and Security

Causes and consequences of the bipolar system collapse: a geo-economic aspect

Vol. 11, Iss. 2, JANUARY 2015

PDF  Article PDF Version

Available online: 7 January 2015


JEL Classification: 

Pages: 45-54

Malakhova T.S. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation

Importance In the current context, the question of the balance of power between the countries and regions of the world in geo-economic and geopolitical space again assumes its relevance. The US economy is rapidly losing its authority in the global system. Some countries of the European Union suffer from the crisis in its development. Every year, the countries of the Asia-Pacific Region consolidate their positions in the geo-economic space.
     Objectives The paper aims to study the causes and consequences of the bipolar system's collapse in the geo-economic space, and also the formation of a new configuration of the global economic structure.
     Methods As a methodological framework, I used historical and logical, statistical and comparative analyses, the method of scientific abstraction, which enabled to determine the positions of two superpowers (the Soviet Union and the United States) in the geo-economic sphere, and to identify the main factors which have had a negative impact on the Soviet economy.
     Results I have built a graphical model of the bipolar system, designated the causes and contradictions which resulted in its disintegration, and made a conclusion that in the period of the bipolar world, the positions of the USSR economy and the allied socialist States were more stable in terms of the economic and political aspects. My paper shows that the bipolar system's collapse has led to a completely different arrangement of forces in the global social and economic sphere.
     Conclusions and Relevance I emphasize that in the medium term, the national economy needs to shape a powerful economic and political block with the group of BRICS countries, or within the framework of EurAsEC countries in the conditions of the worsening the geo-economic and geopolitical relations in the world. These actions will allow providing an economic security of the national economy, in general, and of the partner States, in particular.

Keywords: bipolar system, USA, economy, USSR, disintegration, Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, global economy, structural crisis


  1. Aleksandrov V.V. Politicheskaya i ekonomicheskaya karta mira [The political and economic world map]. Moscow, Mysl’ Publ., 1981, 335 p.
  2. Boffa J. Ot SSSR k Rossii: istoriya neokonchennogo krizisa. 1964–1994 [From the USSR to Russia: the history of unfinished crisis. 1964–1994]. Moscow, Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya Publ., 1996, 320 p.
  3. Brutents K.N. Zakat amerikanskoi gegemonii [Decline of the American hegemony]. Moscow, Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya Publ., 2009, 512 p.
  4. Buzgalin A.V. Ekonomicheskaya sistema Rossii: anatomiya nastoyashchego i strategii budushchego (reindustrializatsiya i/ili operezhayushchee razvitie) [The economic system of Russia: the anatomy of the present and strategies for the future (re-industrialization and/or faster growth)]. Moscow, LENAND Publ., 2014, 200 p.
  5. Buzgalin A.V., Kolganov A.I. Stalin i raspad SSSR [Stalin and the collapse of the Soviet Union]. Moscow, Editorial URSS Publ., 2003, 160 p.
  6. Veduta E.N. Strategiya i ekonomicheskaya politika gosudarstva [Strategy and the State’s economic policy]. Moscow, Akademicheskii Proekt Publ., 2004, 456 p.
  7. Vneshnyaya torgovlya SSSR v 1985 g [The USSR foreign trade in 1985]. Available at: Link. (In Russ.)
  8. Gadzhiev K.S. Vvedenie v geopolitiku [Introduction to geopolitics]. Moscow, Logos Publ., 2002, 432 p.
  9. Gadzhiev K.S. Geopolitika [Geopolitics]. Moscow, Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya Publ., 1997, 384 p.
  10. Gadzhiev K.S. Geopoliticheskie gorizonty Rossii (kontury novogo miroporyadka) [The geopolitical horizons of Russia (contours of the new world order)]. Moscow, Ekonomika Publ., 2007, 751 p.
  11. Dergachev V.A. Geoekonomicheskii slovar'-spravochnik [Geo-economic dictionary – reference book]. Odessa, IMPEER Publ., 2004, 177 p.
  12. Kotts D.M. Al'ternativa “shokovoi terapii”: postepennyi reguliruemyi perekhod k rynochnoi ekonomike [An alternative to the shock therapy: a progressive managed transition to market economy]. Voprosy Economiki, 1992, no. 12, pp. 130–136.
  13. Kotts D.M., Vir F. Put' Rossii ot Gorbacheva k Putinu: gibel' sovetskoi sistemy i novaya Rossiya [Russia’s path from Gorbachev to Putin: death of the Soviet system and the new Russia]. Moscow, Editorial URSS Publ., 2013, 448 p.
  14. Malakhova T.S. [Russia's future in a globalized environment: intensive economic and political growth or the further stagnation?]. Integratsionnyi potentsial sovremennoi Rossii v usloviyakh politicheskikh vyzovov informatsionnoi epokhi: materialy III Stolypinskikh chtenii [Proc. 3d Stolypin Readings “The integration potential of contemporary Russia under political challenges of the information age”]. Krasnodar, Kuban State University Publ., 2014, 483 p.
  15. Malakhova T.S. Global'nyi ekonomicheskii krizis i transformatsionnye protsessy v mirovoi valyutno-finansovoi sisteme [The global economic crisis and transformation processes in the global monetary and financial system]. Available at: Link. (In Russ.)
  16. Malakhova T.S. Strany BRIKS: spasenie ot krizisa ili protivostoyanie mirovym ekonomiko-politicheskim lideram [The BRICS countries: a recovery from crisis or countering the world economic and political leaders]. Available at: Link. (In Russ.)
  17. Perskaya V.V. Mnogopolyarnost': mif ili real'nost' (geoekonomicheskie aspekty) [Multi-polarity: a myth or reality? (geo-economic aspects)]. Moscow, Ekonomika Publ., 2011, 255 p.
  18. Polyakov V.V., Shchenin R.K. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnyi biznes [Global economy and international business]. Moscow, KnoRus Publ., 2011, 688 p.
  19. Sovetskaya torgovlya v 1952–1963 gg [The Soviet trade in 1952–1963]. Available at: Link. (In Russ.)
  20. Supyan V.B. Ekonomika SShA [The US economy]. St. Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2003, 651 p.
  21. Hoffman S. Stolknovenie globalizatsii [Clash of globalizations]. Rossiya v global'noi politike = Russia in global politics, 2003, no. 1.

View all articles of issue


ISSN 2311-875X (Online)
ISSN 2073-2872 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 20, Iss. 4
April 2024