+7 925 966 4690, 9am6pm (GMT+3), Monday – Friday
ИД «Финансы и кредит»






National Interests: Priorities and Security

Models of the structure of programs for product acquisition in the USA and their application for software development

Vol. 11, Iss. 1, JANUARY 2015

Available online: 7 January 2015

Subject Heading: Foreign experience

JEL Classification: 

Pages: 42-59

Sudakova L.Yu. OOO NVision Consulting, Moscow, Russian Federation

The article generalizes the US publications and official documents on software acquisition. The author considers the models of software development adopted in the USA, i.e. "waterfall', spiral, spiral-to-circle, software product line, agile software development. The author analyzes the models in conjunction with the models of the structure of product acquisition programs (traditional, evolutionary, iterative and incremental developments and hybrid ones) differentiating them by application in commercial and government sectors. The article includes the results of using the said models for software development. The operational experience of commercial sector shows that it is possible to reduce cost and term of software development and delivery for IT systems by applying advanced models and techniques of development and structuring of software acquisition. Software for commercial market is developed predominately in accordance with the iterative and incremental development model, which envisages software deliveries in releases with progressive expanding its compatibility options. Software for the US Federal needs, as a rule, has been developed under the traditional model of program acquisition structure, which is characterized by detail development of system requirements and requirements specification, as well as by work implementation exactly as expected by the requirements. This was one of the main reasons why by 2010 large IT programs, for example, in the US Department of Defense, have been implemented over 6-8-year cycle with approximately 18-month cycle of commercial technologies development. This ultimately affected the quality and moral ageing of the development. The author analyzes how Federal agencies are planning to use the commercial sector's best practices to develop software.

Keywords: software development, increment, agile software, program management, information technology acquisition program


  1. Andreeva G.M. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya [Social psychology]. Moscow, Aspekt Press Publ., 2001, 384 p.
  2. Vigers K.I. Razrabotka trebovanii k programmnomu obespecheniyu [Development of software requirements]. Moscow, Russkaya redaktsiya Publ., 2004, 576 p.
  3. Libin A.V. Differentsial'naya psikhologiya: na peresechenii evropeiskikh, rossiiskikh i amerikanskikh traditsii [Differential psychology: at the crossroads of European, Russian and American traditions]. Moscow, Smysl Publ., 1999, 532 p.
  4. Sudakova L. Effektivnost' razrabotok informatsionnykh tekhnologii po federal'nym programmam (na primere ministerstva oborony SShA) [The efficiency of the information technology development under Federal Programs (the US Department of Defense case)]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' = National interests: priorities and security, 2011, no. 44, pp. 62–71.
  5. Shikhirev P.N. Sovremennaya sotsial'naya psikhologiya [Modern social psychology]. Moscow, Akademicheskii proekt Publ., 1999, 448 p.
  6. Margaret E. Myers. An investment-based approach for managing software-intensive systems. Acquisition Review Quarterly, Winter 1999, pp. 61–78.
  7. Boehm B. A spiral model of software development and enhancement. IEEE Software, May 1988.
  8. Rechtin E., Maier M. The Art of Systems Architecting. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, 1997.
  9. Schwartz M. Defense Acquisitions: How DoD Acquires Weapon Systems and Recent Efforts to Reform the Process. Congressional Research Service 7-5700. Available at: Link. RL34026. July 10, 2009; May 23, 2014.
  10. Achieving Effective Acquisition of Information Technology in the Department of Defense. National Research Council, Committee on Improving Processes and Policies for the Acquisition and Test of Information Technologies in the Department of Defense. The National Academies Press. Washington D.C., 2010. Available at: Link.
  11. Northern C., Mayfield K., Benito R., Casagni M. Handbook for Implementing Agile in Department of Defense Information Technology Acquisition (technical report MTR 100489). Bedford, MA, The MITRE Corporation.
  12. Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Department of Defense Policies and Procedures for the Acquisition of Information Technology. Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics Washington, D.C. 20301-3140. March, 2009.
  13. 111th Congress, 1st Session, H.R. 2647 (Public Law 11-84). Report No. 111–166. 2009 (Act to authorize military spending in 2010 financial year).
  14. Operation of the Defense Acquisition System. Interim DoD Instruction 5000.02, November 25, 2013.
  15. Manifesto for Agile Software Development. Agile Methodologies, Agile Development Process, Manifesto for Agile Software Development related sites. Available at: Link.
  16. Lapham M., Williams R., Hammons C., Burton D., Schenker A. Considerations for Using Agile in DoD Acquisition. Software Engineering Institute, April 2010.
  17. TechFAR Handbook for Procuring Digital Services Using Agile Processes. Available at: Link. 2014.
  18. DoDD, NO. 5000.01, May 12, 2003. The Defense Acquisition System.
  19. Defense Acquisition Guidebook. Production Date, May 15, 2013. Defense Acquisition University.
  20. President’s IT Budget for FY 2015. Summary chart. Available at: Link.
  21. Kundra V. 25 Point Implementation Plan to Reform Federal Information Technology Management. The White House, Washington. US Chief Information Officer. December 9, 2010.
  22. Andrews R., Cooper J., Ellsworth B., Sestak J., Conaway M., Hunter D., Coffman M. The House Armed Services Committee Panel on Defense Acquisition Reform: Findings and Recommendations. March 23, 2010, pp. 14–19.
  23. Committee on Improving Processes and Policies for the Acquisition and Test of Information Technologies in the Department of Defense; National Research Council. Achieving Effective Acquisition of Information Technology in the Department of Defense. Washington, D.C., The National Academies Press, 2009.
  24. BENS-DISA Cooperative Review (BENS – Business Executives for National Security). Final Report. August 2008.

View all articles of issue


ISSN 2311-875X (Online)
ISSN 2073-2872 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 20, Iss. 6
June 2024