Importance The food security of the Russian Federation remains one of the most important priorities of the economic strategy. Providing the population with environmentally friendly and quality food products of own production is an urgent task of domestic agriculture. In solving this task, the roles of individual regions are not identical, because of the territorial peculiarities of soil, climate and economic conditions, which determine significant regional differences of agricultural production. In this situation, the study of the experience of the development of regions with high potential in production of agricultural products per capita, i.e., those, which are capable of self-sufficiency in food, is very important. Objectives The aim of this study is to monitor the functioning of regional agricultural production in context of food security of the country. Methods In the paper, using the scientific methods of research, we have analyzed the current status and trends of the agriculture development of the Orel region, evaluated the changes of the reproductive process and identified the problems of its functioning. We have considered the food security and the share of imports in food consumption of the region. We have provided the grouping of the agricultural organizations, revealing the relationship of the level of profitability with the production volume. Results The results of the economic monitoring may be used in developing practical recommendations for improving the profitability of the agricultural organizations of the Orel region agribusiness. The significance of the study increases in terms of the State Program "The development of agriculture and regulation of markets for agricultural products, raw materials and food for the period of 2013-2020", one of the most important tasks of which is to stimulate the growth of the major agricultural products, as well as the improving profitability in agriculture to ensure its sustainable development. Conclusions and Relevance We have arrived at a conclusion that the solution of the food problem should be implemented in parallel with ensuring the efficiency of agricultural production, financial stability and the stability of economic activity, the improvement of forms of organization and, ultimately, the enhancement of competitiveness.
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