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Financial Analytics: Science and Experience
 

Organizational characteristics of preparing and conducting IPO transactions in the banking sector

Vol. 14, Iss. 4, DECEMBER 2021

PDF  Article PDF Version

Received: 20 September 2021

Received in revised form: 2 October 2021

Accepted: 16 October 2021

Available online: 15 November 2021

Subject Heading: ASSESSMENT AND APPRAISAL ACTIVITIES

JEL Classification: D82, E22, G24, G32

Pages: 456–477

https://doi.org/10.24891/fa.14.4.456

Subject. The article is devoted to the study of the specific features of banks’ IPO preparation and execution.
Objectives. The focus is on the critical analysis of special aspects related to IPO of credit institutions.
Methods. The study includes analytical methods for collecting and processing of information, as well as the comparative analysis.
Results. I highlight the main characteristics of banks’ economic model, summarize the results of researchers' work on the analysis of factors influencing the profitability of credit institutions, analyze methods for evaluating companies for IPO purposes, identify main approaches to the assessment of bank value, and define the most appropriate methods to evaluate banks for IPO purposes.
Conclusions. In general, the process of preparation and execution of banking IPOs is similar to IPO execution by other companies. However, the nature of economic activity of banks determines specific methods for assessing the value of banks for IPO purposes. Currently, there is no single preferred method for valuing banks, while there are certain aspects of the use of general methods to determine the value of credit institutions. For the valuation of companies for IPO, mainly comparative and income methods are used. For the valuation of banks, it is preferable to use the comparative method based on P/E and P/B multiples. As for the income method, it is recommended to use discounted cash flow valuation based on FCFE calculation, as well as the dividend discount model.

Keywords: IPO, Initial Public Offering, commercial bank, IPO valuation

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