Subject. The article investigates the process of formation of the commercial space services market. Objectives. The requirement to develop the commercial segment of space services is driven by the emergence of new space technologies, the need for deep space exploration and attraction of funds from private investors. Methods. We employ the consistent comparative analysis of space technologies, which serve as a necessary basis for the research. The tools to analyze costs and pricing processes for the services offered are based on an in-depth analysis of various approaches used in the space economy. It also enables to visualize the results of the data obtained. Results. Justification of ways to increase revenues from the sale of space services is associated with an increase in the life cycle of spacecraft, during which they and provided services will be in demand by a wide range of solvent consumers. The paper considers practical and theoretical knowledge of the problem, offers an approach to ensure the consistency of the process of evaluating and analyzing the prospects for diversification of production at a machine-building enterprise. The latter is a final commercial segment, with which the main trends in the development of space technologies are associated. Conclusions. In-orbit services can be divided into two groups, i.e. with short and prolonged life cycle. The costs of such services may or may not take into account the costs of manufacturing and launching, depending on the life cycle of spacecraft.
Keywords: commercial space services, orbital service, regulation
Slywotzky A., Morrison D., Andelman B. Zakony bol'shoi pribyli [The Profit Zone: How Strategic Business Design Will Lead You to Tomorrow's Profits]. Moscow, Eksmo Publ., 2017, 400 p.
Trivailo O., Sippel M., Şekercioğlu Y.A. Review of hardware cost estimation methods, models and tools applied to early phases of space mission planning. Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 2012, vol. 53, pp. 1–17. URL: Link
Curran R., Raghunathan S., Price M. Review of Aerospace Engineering Cost Modelling: The Genetic Causal Approach. Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 2004, vol. 40, iss. 8, pp. 487–534. URL: Link
Roy R. Cost Engineering: Why, What and How? UK, Cranfield University, 2003. URL: Link
Humphreys K., Wellman P. Basic Cost Engineering. New York, Marcel Dekker Inc., 1996, 360 p.
Meisl C.J. Techniques for Cost Estimating in Early Program Phases. Engineering Costs and Production Economics, 1988, vol. 14, iss. 2, pp. 95–106. URL: Link90112-U
Ryzhikova T.N., Starozhuk E.A., Shapovalov A.V., Shcheglov G.A. [Efficiency analysis of peripheral launch services using "BOT" small upper stage]. Ekonomika Kosmosa, 2022, no. 1, pp. 46–56. URL: Link 1277437cb941a263516986787a78c814.pdf (In Russ.)
Shapovalov A.V., Shcheglov G.A. [Rational layout synthesis of the upper stage running on gaseous components]. Vestnik Moskovskogo aviatsionnogo instituta = Aerospace MAI Journal, 2023, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 70–77. URL: Link (In Russ.)