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Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice
 

Features of economic dynamics of the transition to new technologies in the creation of high-tech products in Russia

Vol. 22, Iss. 8, AUGUST 2023

Received: 3 April 2023

Received in revised form: 11 April 2023

Accepted: 20 April 2023

Available online: 30 August 2023

Subject Heading: THEORY OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS

JEL Classification: О21, О32, О33

Pages: 1491–1519

https://doi.org/10.24891/ea.22.8.1491

Aleksandr V. LEONOV Russian Academy of Rocket and Artillery Sciences (RARAN), Moscow, Russian Federation
alex.clein51@yandex.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8948-1311

Aleksei Yu. PRONIN Russian Academy of Rocket and Artillery Sciences (RARAN), Moscow, Russian Federation
pronin46@bk.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8947-3047

Subject. The article addresses the economic dynamics of the transition to new technologies when elaborating State scientific and technological programs and projects for high-tech product creation.
Objectives. The focus is on the analysis and generalization of methods to underpin the optimal transition to new technologies given the specifics of economic dynamics at the stages of creating a scientific and technical reserve for promising high-tech products.
Methods. The study employs modern methods of technology assessment and methods of solving optimization problems to justify optimal transition to new technologies.
Results. The developed endogenous model of economic dynamics that considers stages of creating a scientific and technical reserve for promising high-tech products enabled to analyze and summarize methods for justifying the optimal transition to new technologies based on technical and economic assessment of the new technology effectiveness. The paper summarized classical methods of technical and economic assessment, classified methods of comparative evaluation of existing and new technology given the factors of uncertainty. We developed a method for comparative evaluation of options for joint use of existing and new technologies, devised an algorithm for selecting methods that takes into account the actual volume of initial data to determine the optimal transition to new technologies.
Conclusions. The findings can be used to develop State scientific and technological programs and projects for various purposes high-tech product creation for defense and national security of the Russian Federation in the modern geopolitical and economic situation in the world.

Keywords: economic dynamics, new technology, high-tech product, optimization method

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