+7 925 966 4690, 9am6pm (GMT+3), Monday – Friday
ИД «Финансы и кредит»






Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice

The matrix of smart city indicators

Vol. 22, Iss. 4, APRIL 2023

Received: 1 June 2020

Received in revised form: 18 June 2020

Accepted: 5 July 2020

Available online: 27 April 2023


JEL Classification: R11, R58

Pages: 749–771


Evgenii V. POPOV Ural Institute of Management, Branch of RANEPA, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation


Konstantin A. SEMYACHKOV Ural Institute of Management, Branch of RANEPA, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation


Subject. The article discusses the approaches to evaluating the evolution of smart cities.
Objectives. We unfold methodological approaches to evaluating the evolution of smart cities.
Methods. A system logic analysis is the main method of research. The theoretical underpinning comprises proceedings by foreign scholars, organizations and technological companies, which evaluate the urban digitalization, devise tools to study its impact on socio-economic and environmental properties of modern cities.
Results. Having analyzed the existing approaches, we discovered three types of such methods. First, approaches examining some constituents of smart cities. Second, examining levels or phases of smart city development. Third, some specific aspects to study the development of smart cities. Sorting out the approaches, we propose our own approach that concurrently studies constituents of smart cities and their development phases. Thus, metrics of smart city development help evaluate some aspects of smart cities and the evolution of the processes.
Conclusions. To monitor the performance of projects and initiatives, smart city development metrics should be measurable and give a fair view of the digitalization processes in the urban environment, considering interests of all stakeholders.

Keywords: smart city, digital economy, municipal economy, spatial development, regional economy


  1. Purnomo F., Prabowo H.M. Smart City Indicators: A Systematic Literature Review. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering, 2016, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 161–164.
  2. Caragliu A., Del Bo C., Nijkamp P. Smart Cities in Europe. Journal of Urban Technology, 2011, vol. 18, iss. 2, pp. 65–82. URL: Link
  3. Gil-Garcia J.R. Towards a Smart State? Inter-agency Collaboration, Information Integration, and Beyond. Information Polity, 2012, vol. 17, iss. 3, 4, pp. 269–280. URL: Link
  4. Bolivar M.P.R. Transforming City Governments for Successful Smart Cities. Springer International Publishing, 2015, 185 p.
  5. Bifulco F., Tregua M., Caterina C., D'Auria A. ICT and Sustainability in Smart Cities Management. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 2016, vol. 29, iss. 2, pp. 132–147. URL: Link
  6. Silva B., Khan M., Han K. Towards Sustainable Smart Cities: A Review of Trends, Architectures, Components, and Open Challenges in Smart Cities. Sustainable Cities and Society, 2018, vol. 38, pp. 697–713. URL: Link
  7. Albino V., Berardi U., Dangelico R.M. Smart Cities: Definitions, Dimensions, Performance, and Initiatives. Journal of Urban Technology, 2015, vol. 22, iss. 1, pp. 3–21. URL: Link
  8. Lombardi P., Giordano S., Farouh H., Yousef W. Modelling the Smart City Performance. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, 2010, vol. 25, iss. 2, pp. 137–149. URL: Link
  9. Cocchia A. Smart and Digital City: A Systematic Literature Review. In: Dameri R., Rosenthal-Sabroux C. (eds) Smart City. Progress in IS. Springer, Cham., 2014, pp. 13–43. URL: Link
  10. Khatoun R., Zeadally S. Smart Cities: Concepts, Architectures, Research Opportunities. Communications of the ACM, 2016, vol. 59, no. 8, pp. 46–57. URL: Link
  11. Caird S.P., Hallett S.H. Towards Evaluation Design for Smart City Development. Journal of Urban Design, 2019, vol. 24, iss. 2, pp. 188–209. URL: Link
  12. Batagan L. Indicators for Economic and Social Development of Future Smart City. Journal of Applied Quantitative Methods, 2011, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 27–34.
  13. Zygiaris S. Smart City Reference Model: Assisting Planners to Conceptualize the Building of Smart City Innovation Ecosystems. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 2012, vol. 4, iss. 2, pp. 217–231. URL: Link
  14. Giffinger R., Gudrun H. Smart Cities Ranking: An Effective Instrument for the Positioning of the Cities? ACE: Architecture, City and Environment, 2010, vol. 4, iss. 12, pp. 7–26.
  15. Arnold E. Evaluating Research and Innovation Policy: A Systems World Needs Systems Evaluations. Research Evaluation, 2004, vol. 13, iss. 1, pp. 3–17. URL: Link
  16. Holman N. Incorporating Local Sustainability Indicators into Structures of Local Governance: A Review of the Literature. Local Environment, 2009, vol. 14, iss. 4, pp. 365–375.
  17. Edler J., Berger M., Dinges M., Gok A. The Practice of Evaluation in Innovation Policy in Europe. Research Evaluation, 2012, vol. 21, iss. 3, pp. 167–182.
  18. Popov E.V., Semyachkov K.A. [Systematization of approaches to assessing the development of smart cities]. Ekonomika regiona = Economy of Region, 2020, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 14–27. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  19. Anthopoulos L., Janssen M., Weerakkody V. A Unified Smart City Model (USCM) for Smart City Conceptualization and Benchmarking. International Journal of Electronic Government Research, 2016, vol. 12, iss. 2, pp. 77–93. URL: Link
  20. Popov E.V., Semyachkov K.A. [Seven development priorities for smart cities]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' = National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2020, vol. 16, iss. 2, pp. 200–216. (In Russ.) URL: Link

View all articles of issue


ISSN 2311-8725 (Online)
ISSN 2073-039X (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 23, Iss. 4
April 2024