+7 925 966 4690, 9am6pm (GMT+3), Monday – Friday
ИД «Финансы и кредит»






Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice

Development of approaches to assess enterprise readiness for digital transformation

Vol. 21, Iss. 9, SEPTEMBER 2022

Received: 23 May 2022

Received in revised form: 12 June 2022

Accepted: 30 June 2022

Available online: 29 September 2022


JEL Classification: D24, О32, Y7

Pages: 1687–1704


Vladislav A. EFANOV Social Systems Research Institute at Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation


Subject. Scarce resources of the national economy hinder from taking full advantage of already tested technologies and/or developing new ones. Therefore, digital transformation strategizing processes are of particular importance. They enable to rationally synchronize the processes of transformation and identify priority directions of development. This requires an accessible and understandable methodology.
Objectives. The study aims to develop and justify methodological approaches to assess the level of digital maturity of an enterprise and its readiness to implement digital transformation projects.
Methods. The theoretical and methodological basis of the study was scientific works of foreign and domestic scientists, leading consulting companies on theories of management, strategy, and innovation management.
Results. I performed a comprehensive analysis of existing foreign and domestic methods for assessing the digital maturity of enterprises and their readiness for digital transformation, and presented my own approach to assessment on its basis.
Conclusions. The developed principles of assessment involve the allocation of five basic functional areas of the enterprise and the corresponding criteria, the implementation of which will form a foundation for successful implementation of digital transformation project through reasonably defined priorities, goals, and objectives.

Keywords: business process, digital maturity, management system, digitalization level, digital transformation


  1. Efanov V.A. Industriya 4.0. Strategirovanie tsifrovoi transformatsii [Industry 4.0. Strategy for digital transformation]. Novosibirsk, Akademizdat Publ., 2021, 152 p.
  2. Babanova Yu.V., Orlov V.M., Antonyan R.S. [Flexible technologies of enterprise management in conditions of digitalization of economy]. Izvestiya Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta = Izvestia VSTU, 2018, no. 6, pp. 61–66. URL: Link %E2%84%96%206%20(216)%20-%202018.pdf (In Russ.)
  3. Bodrunov S.D. [Reindustrialization in the conditions of new technological revolution: Road to the future]. Upravlenets = The Manager, 2019, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 2–8. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  4. Malyshev E.A., Mikryukova M.Yu., Romanov V.A., Khubulova V.V. [Digital technology in the context of the production infrastructure management of the enterprise]. Vestnik Zabaikal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta = Transbaikal State University Journal, 2019, no. 5, pp. 114–112. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  5. Pinchuk V.N., Zhuravlev D.M. Predpriyatie. Tekhnologii i ekonomika tsifrovoi transformatsii [Company. Technologies and economics of digital transformation]. Novosibirsk, Akademizdat Publ., 2020, 216 p.
  6. Isaev E.A., Korovkina N.L., Tabakova M.S. [Evaluation of the readiness of a company’s IT department for digital business transformation]. Biznes-informatika = Business Informatics, 2018, no. 2, pp. 55–64. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  7. Popov I.V., Kiseleva M.M., Yakovleva E.A. [Digital business management models]. UEPS: upravlenie, ekonomika, politika, sotsiologiya, 2019, no. 3, pp. 58–64. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  8. Chaadaev V.K. [Process approach to managing communications enterprises]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskie vedomosti Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Ekonomicheskie nauki = St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University Journal. Economics, 2007, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 99–106. (In Russ.)
  9. Anan'in V.I., Zimin K.V., Lugachev M.I. et al. [Digital organization: Transformation into the new reality]. Biznes-informatika = Business Informatics, 2018, no. 2, pp. 45–54. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  10. Galimova M.P. [Readiness of Russian enterprises to digital transformation: Organizational drivers and barriers]. Vestnik UGNTU. Nauka, obrazovanie, ekonomika. Seriya: Ekonomika = Bulletin of Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 2019, no. 1, pp. 27–37. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  11. Dolganova O.I., Deeva E.A. [Company readiness for digital transformations: Problems and diagnosis]. Biznes-informatika = Business Informatics, 2019, no. 2, pp. 59–72. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  12. Davenport T.H., Westerman G. Why So Many High-Profile Digital Transformations Fail. Harvard Business Review, March 9, 2018. URL: Link
  13. Obwegeser N., Yokoi T., Wade M., Voskes T. 7 Key Principles to Govern Digital Initiatives. MIT Sloan Management Review, 2020, vol. 61, no. 3. URL: Link
  14. Purlik V.M. [Intellectual capital as a key factor of companies’ development in the knowledge economy]. RISK: Resursy, Informatsiya, Snabzhenie, Konkurentsiya = RISK: Resources, Information, Supply, Competition, 2018, no. 1, pp. 92–95. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  15. Babkin A.V., Burkal'tseva D.D., Kosten' D.G., Vorob'ev Yu.N. Formation of digital economy in Russia: Essence, features, technical normalization, development problems. π-Economy, 2017, vol. 10, iss. 3. URL: Link (In Russ.)
  16. Gollenia L., Uhl A., Giovanoli C. Next Generation IT Strategy: Approaching the Digital Enterprise. 360° – The Business Transformation Journal, 2012, pp. 32–49. URL: Link_ IT_Strategy_Approaching_the_Digital_Enterprise
  17. Valdez-de-Leon O. A Digital maturity model for telecommunications service providers. Technology Innovation Management Review, 2016, vol. 6, iss. 8, pp. 19–25. URL: Link

View all articles of issue


ISSN 2311-8725 (Online)
ISSN 2073-039X (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 23, Iss. 3
March 2024