Subject. The poverty of the population with all features and factors of its manifestation causes deep structural problems that affect the development of the national economy. Objectives. The aim of the study is a comprehensive analysis of the poverty of the population category, using statistical data, identification of causes of the gap in the level of salaries of Russian and foreign specialists, determination of factors that have the greatest impact on the development of working poverty in Russia. Methods. The study draws on methods of logical and statistical analysis. Results. We considered approaches to the definition of poverty in Russia and other countries, analyzed absolute and relative poverty in Russia, the impact of subsistence minimum on the definition of poverty, assessed nominal and real incomes of the population. The ratio of the average per capita income of the population and the subsistence minimum decreased over the past decade, however, the poverty was not overcome during this period. The per capita income in Russia turned out to be low, real incomes continue to decline. Due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, a decline in wages can be traced, both in space and in time. Conclusions. Worsening the poverty situation in the country creates a chain of problems related to the distrust of the State policy in the social and labor spheres, expanded production slowdown, an increase in social tension in the society. A reduction of working poverty should be a priority task for the State.
Kulakova S.V., Grodskaya G.M. [Conceptual approaches to poverty study] Mezhdunarodnyi zhurnal gumanitarnykh i estestvennykh nauk = International Journal of Humanities and Natural Sciences, 2020, no. 10-2, pp. 131–134. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Spenscr H. Sotsial'naya statika. Izlozhenie sotsial'nykh zakonov, obuslavlivayushchikh schast'e chelovechestva [Social Statics: The Conditions Essential to Human Happiness Specified, and the First of Them Developed]. Kiev, Gama-Print Publ., 2013, 496 p.
Sycheva V.S. [Measuring the level of poverty: Background]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 1996, no. 3, pp. 141–149. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Townsend P. Poverty in the United Kingdom: A Surrey of Household Resources and Standards of Living. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1979.
Sen A.K. Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement. Econometrica, 1976, vol. 44, iss. 2, pp. 219–231. URL: Link
Chernina N.V. [Poverty as a social phenomenon of Russian society]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 1994, no. 3, pp. 54–61. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Mozhina M.A. [Methodological issues of determining the subsistence minimum]. Ekonomist, 1993, no. 2, pp. 87–95. (In Russ.)
Golosenko I.A. [Beggary as a social problem]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 1996, no. 7, pp. 27–35. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Rimashevskaya N.M. [Social consequences of economic transformations in Russia]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 1997, no. 6, pp. 55–65. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Rimashevskaya N.M., Migranova L.A. [Socio-economic differentiation in Russia]. Narodonaselenie = Population, 2016, no. 3, pp. 17–33. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Gordon L.A. [Poverty, well-being, inconsistency and material differentiation in the 1990s]. Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost' = Social Sciences and Contemporary World, 2001, no. 3, pp. 5–21. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Khoroshev S. [The peculiarity of Russian poverty]. Finansovyi kontrol' = Financial Control, 2004, no. 5, pp. 23–26. (In Russ.)
Radaev V.V. [Working poor: is the safety margin high?]. Ekonomicheskaya sotsiologiya = Journal of Economic Sociology, 2000, no. 1, pp. 12–14. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Rzhanitsina L.S. [Poverty in Moscow: The methods of measurement, the assessments of level and ways of reduction]. Vestnik Instituta ekonomiki Rossiiskoi akademii nauk = Bulletin of the IE RAS, 2018, no. 2, pp. 64–84. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Yarygina T.V. [Poverty in Rich Russia]. Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost' = Social Sciences and Contemporary World, 1994, no. 2, pp. 25–35. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Rumyantseva E. [Poverty as a Global Problem]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya = World Economy and International Relations, 2003, no. 2. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Ovcharova L.N. [Proposals for a strategy to promote poverty reduction in modern Russia]. Uroven' zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii = Level of Life of the Population of Regions of Russia, 2012, no. 10-11, pp. 78–89. (In Russ.)
Kravtsevich S.V. [The impact of the minimum wage on the reproduction of the labour force in the Russian labour market]. Natsional'naya assotsiatsiya uchenykh, 2020, vol. 2, no. 59. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Zhuravleva T.A., Zubanova A.E. [Analyzing households' consumption in Russia through cyclicality]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' = National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2021, vol. 17, iss. 6, pp. 1008–1028. (In Russ.) URL: Link