Subject. The article considers problems related to the national technological security in the medium- and long-term, which involve the catastrophic lag of Russia in the production and use of robots in various economic activities. Robotics is one of the components of the fourth industrial revolution, a logical continuation of computerization and automation of industrial and service processes of the previous stage of the world economy evolution. Objectives. I focus on analyzing the robotics process of the global aerospace industry, the link with the global robotics process, and the impact on the labor market. Methods. The study employs general scientific methods to analyze the open-source data. Results. I demonstrate the economic feasibility and efficiency of using robots in the aviation industry, space exploration, and related industries. Conclusions. Russia's achievement of worldwide average indicators will require dramatic overhaul, starting with the system of engineering robotic education, acceleration of the development of microelectronics and sensory professional equipment, and the labor market reform.
Keywords: robotics, industrial robot, service robot, aerospace, unmanned aerial vehicle
Komkov N.I., Bondareva N.N. [The Perspectives and the Conditions of the Robotics Development in Russia]. MIR (Modernizatsiya. Innovatsii. Razvitie) = MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), 2016, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 8–21. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Keisner A., Raffo J., Wunsch-Vincent S. Robotics: Breakthrough Technologies, Innovation, Intellectual Property. Foresight and STI Governance, 2016, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 7–27. URL: Link
Nikolaev A.B. [World Space Market and Space Robotics: Current State and Prospects]. Robototekhnika i tekhnicheskaya kibernetika = Robotics and Technical Cybernetics, 2017, no. 2, pp. 12–24. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Sobolev L.B. [Labor productivity and remuneration in aircraft industry]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2019, vol. 18, iss. 10, pp. 1881–1893. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Eremin V.V. [Robotization and Employment: The Deferred Threat]. Mir novoi ekonomiki = The World of New Economy, 2019, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 25–35. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Gospodarik Yu.P., Alpatov S.B. [Reshoring in the USA, Europe and the Global Economy]. Imushchestvennye otnosheniya v Rossiiskoi Federatsii = Property Relations in the Russian Federation, 2019, no. 1, pp. 18–26. URL: Link (In Russ.)