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Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice
 

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The specifics of shadow economic activity in Russia

Vol. 19, Iss. 10, OCTOBER 2020

Received: 23 July 2020

Received in revised form: 7 August 2020

Accepted: 20 August 2020

Available online: 29 October 2020

Subject Heading: ECONOMIC ADVANCEMENT

JEL Classification: E26

Pages: 1896–1915

https://doi.org/10.24891/ea.19.10.1896

Ermakova E.R. National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University (MRSU), Saransk, Russian Federation
eka-tsulaya@yandex.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8464-9605

Lizina O.M. National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University (MRSU), Saransk, Russian Federation
lizinaom@yandex.ru

ORCID id: not available

Subject. The article addresses the specifics of shadow economic activities in reformed Russia in the context of systemic transformations.
Objectives. We focus on determining the role of shadow economy in the reproductive process, identifying and understanding the specifics of underground economic activity of the Russian economy.
Methods. The study rests on general scientific methods (scientific abstraction, unity of historical and logical, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, comparison and analogy) and special methods of cognition (monetary methods). We employ the systems and integrated approach. The official statistics, regulations, works of leading researchers on shadow economy expansion, resources of reference and legal systems like Garant and ConsultantPlus serve as the study's information base.
Results. We present a retrospective rapid analysis of the extent of shadow economic activity in the domestic economy, establishing the relationships with the processes that take place at different stages of the country's development. We also reveal the specifics of shadow economy relations in Russia, factors that play a key role in expansion for a particular period, a shift to another form of shadow economy. The study characterizes the current period of development, assesses the impact of external shocks on shadow economy expansion.
Conclusions. The current period is characterized by the digitization of shadow relations, the shift of corruption to the upper echelons of power, the continued outflow of capital abroad, and increased penalties for underground activities.

Keywords: shadow economy, corruption, cash money, capital outflow, suspicious transaction

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