Subject. The article addresses methodological issues to develop the mechanisms facilitating the innovation in the fuel and energy complex. Objectives. I focus on the rationale for the basic provisions of the systems-based approach to the formation of incentive mechanisms to support energy modernization in the light of energy security under conditions of current instability in Russia and in the world. Methods. The study rests on the tenets of systemic economic theory, in particular, the systemic economic paradigm, according to which, the national economy and its sectors are regarded as relatively integral parts of their environment, and are closely related through the exchange of complementary flows of tangible and intangible resources. Results. The paper formulates basic principles of the system synthesis of innovation mechanisms for technical and economic transformation in the said sector. It presents a scheme to design modernization, select ways to promote and support innovation. The modernization and transformation of the energy system are seen as controlled processes. The methods to determine the control actions under system rules are aimed at adapting the control system to changing the objects and their environment during the transformation process. This helps to agree on all changes in sectors within a single system. Conclusions. The offered approach creates a scientific basis for justifying the innovation strategies, forming and studying the organizational and economic mechanisms to encourage innovation in the fuel and energy complex, choosing tools to bolster innovation in different operating environments of energy organization.
Keywords: energy system, new technology, systemic paradigm, ecosystem
Voropai N.I., Senderov S.M. Energeticheskaya bezopasnost': sushchnost', osnovnye problemy, metody i rezul'taty issledovanii [Energy security: Essence, main problems, methods and research results]. Moscow, Institute of Economic Forecasting, RAS Publ., 2011, 89 p.
Bushuev V.V., Kamenev A.S., Kobets B.B. [Energy Sector as Infrastructural ‘System of Systems’]. Energeticheskaya politika = Energy Policy, 2012, iss. 5, pp. 3–14. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Voropai N.I., Stennikov V.A. [Integrated smart energy systems]. Izvestiya Rossiiskoi akademii nauk. Energetika =Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences. Energy, 2014, no. 1, pp. 64–73. (In Russ.)
Nekrasov S.A. Sistemnyi metod issledovaniya – osnova formirovaniya metodologii optimizatsii razvitiya toplivno-energeticheskogo kompleksa. V kn.: Optimizatsiya razvitiya toplivno-energeticheskogo kompleksa [Systemic research method as a basis for the formation of methodology to optimize the development of the fuel and energy complex. In: Optimization of the development of the fuel and energy complex]. Moscow, Energoizdat Publ., 1981.
Nekrasov S.A. Analiz i prognozy razvitiya otraslei toplivno-energeticheskogo kompleksa. Izbrannye trudy [Analysis and forecasts of the development of branches of the fuel and energy complex. Selected works]. Moscow, LETO Indastriz Publ., 2013, 592 p.
Bushuev V.V. [Quo Vadis?]. Energeticheskaya politika = Energy Policy, 2020, no. 6, pp. 26–41. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Smorodinskaya N.V. Globalizirovannaya ekonomika: ot ierarkhii k setevomu ukladu [Globalized economy: From hierarchies to a network structure]. Moscow, IE RAS Publ., 2015, 344 p.
Adner R. Ecosystem as Structure: An Actionable Construct for Strategy. Journal of Management, 2017, vol. 43, iss. 1, pp. 39–58. URL: Link
Lundvall B.-Å. National Innovation Systems – Analytical Concept and Development Tool. Industry and Innovation, 2007, vol. 14, iss. 1, pp. 95–119. URL: Link
Nikonova A.A. [Synthesis of Adaptive Systems in an Unstable Environment]. MIR (Modernizatsiya. Innovatsii. Razvitie) = MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), 2020, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 162–178. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Bertalanfi L. fon. Obshchaya teoriya sistem – obzor problem i rezul'tatov. V kn.: Sistemnye issledovaniya: ezhegodnik [General System Theory – A Critical Review. In: System Study. Yearbook]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1969, pp. 30–54.
Gavrilets Yu.N. K sintezu teorii sistem i kibernetiki v ekonomike [To the Synthesis of the System Theory and Cybernetics in the Economy]. Moscow, MAON Publ., 2009, 24 p.
Livshits V.N., Livshits S.V. Sistemnyi analiz nestatsionarnoi ekonomiki Rossii (1992–2009): rynochnye reformy, krizis, investitsionnaya politika [System analysis of non- stationary Russian economics (1992–2009): Market reforms, crisis, investment policy]. Moscow, Poli Print Servis Publ., 2010, 452 p.
Chernyak Yu.I. Sistemnyi analiz v upravlenii ekonomikoi [System analysis in economic management]. Moscow, Ekonomika Publ., 1975, 192 p.
Kornai Ya. [System paradigm]. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2002, no. 4, pp. 10–12. (In Russ.)
Kleiner G.B. [System paradigm and enterprise theory]. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2002, no. 10, pp. 47–69. (In Russ.)
Kleiner G.B. [New theory of economic systems and its applications]. Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii nauk = Herald of Russian Academy of Sciences, 2011, no. 9, pp. 794–811. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Haken H. Sinergetika [Erfolgsgeheimnisse der Natur: Synergetik, die Lehre vom Zusammenwirken]. Moscow, URSS Publ., 2015, 414 p. URL Link
Nikonova A.A. [Self-organization in strategic management of complex systems]. Problemy teorii i praktiki upravleniya = Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Management, 2012, no. 9-10, pp. 92–99. (In Russ.)
Nikonova A.A. [System basis of innovative strategies (on ecample of transition to new power in Japan)]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2013, no. 13, pp. 52–67. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Golichenko O.G., Obolenskaya L.V. [The way to innovative leadership of a developing country (evidence from new industrial countries)]. Innovatsii = Innovations, 2018, no. 6, pp. 21–29. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Ivanova N.I., Mamed'yarov Z.A. [R&D and Innovation: Competition is growing]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2019, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 47–56. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Buschmann A., Meyer B., Schewe G. Factor State in Innovative Ecosystems: A Comparison between Brazil and Germany. International Journal of Innovation, 2016, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 198–207. URL: Link
Ashby W.R. Vvedenie v kibernetiku [An Introduction to Cybernetics]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1966, 433 p.
Kossov V.V. Bar'ery na puti k ekonomicheskomu rostu [Barriers to economic growth]. Moscow, CEMI RAS, MAON Publ., 2019.
Sukharev O.S. [Main Features of the Theory of Structural Dynamics and their Application in Macroeconomic Analysis]. Zhurnal ekonomicheskoi teorii, 2020, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 33-52. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Vilenskii P.L., Livshits V.N., Smolyak S.A. Otsenka effektivnosti investitsionnykh proektov: teoriya i praktika [Estimating the effectiveness of investment projects: Theory and practice]. Moscow, Poli Print Servis Publ., 2015, 1300 p.
Kossov V.V., Livshits V.N., Shakhnazarov A.G. et al. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po otsenke effektivnosti investitsionnykh proektov [Methodological recommendations for evaluation of investment project efficiency]. Moscow, Institute for Systems Analysis of Russian Academy of Sciences Publ., 2008, 234 p.
Voropai N.I. [Directions and problems of transformation of electric power systems]. Elektrichestvo, 2020, no. 7, pp. 12–21. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Glaz'ev S.Yu., Fetisov G.G. [New Deal: Breakthrough Strategy]. Ekonomicheskie strategii = Economic Strategies, 2014, no. 2, pp. 14–23. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Margulov G.D. [Lessons of the past and new power industry]. Energeticheskaya politika = Energy Policy,2018, iss. 3, pp. 9–22. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Makarov A.A. [Advancements and challenges in strategic planning of Russian energy development]. Energeticheskaya politika = Energy Policy, 2018, iss. 3, pp. 26–34. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Nekrasov A.S., Sinyak Yu.V., Voronina S.A., Semikashev V.V. Sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya teplosnabzheniya v Rossii [The current state and prospects for the development of heat supply in Russia]. Moscow, Institute of Economic Forecasting of RAS Publ., 2012, 70 p.
Valkokari K. Business, Innovation, and Knowledge Ecosystems: How They Differ and How to Survive and Thrive within Them. Technology Innovation Management Review, 2015, vol. 5, iss. 8, pp. 17–24. URL: Link