Importance The challenges and threats to the national and economic security of Russia in the aggravated geopolitical and geo-economic situation necessitate a strategy to maintain the independence of the national economy from technological import. The article considers localization of production as a tool to implement this strategy and promptly manufacture the most critical import-dependent products. Objectives The article describes an approach to determination of priority directions of the domestic industry development, based on the localization of production level. The advantage of this approach is consideration of available capacity of domestic enterprises for mastering the manufacture. Methods The determination of priority areas of manufacturing complex development rests on the analysis of production cost items using the methods for localization level assessment. Results The analysis of the localization level of electrical equipment production showed a bias in the domestic electrical industry development towards assembly operations. The most import-dependent positions are electrical components, tool engineering products and insulation materials. The most promising area of import substitution development in this industry is the production of materials and components, for which domestic enterprises already have expertise and engineering capability. Conclusions and Relevance It is crucial to use mechanisms of foreign technologies transfer in this industry. At the same time, it is important to develop the national technological base as part of program implementation for innovation and import substitution development.
Keywords: import substitution, import dependence, localization, life cycle, electrical equipment
Arutyunov S. [Import substitution as it is]. Praktika upravleniya = Management Practice, 2015, no. 4, pp. 6–19. (In Russ.)
Demidenko S.V. [Import substitution: Evidence from Asia]. Praktika upravleniya = Management Practice, 2015, no. 4, pp. 20–24. (In Russ.)
Tsedilin L. [Russian protectionism: A problem of institutional heritage]. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2012, no. 1, pp. 96–114. (In Russ.)
Bendikov M.A., Frolov I.E. [The high-tech sector of Russian industry in the context of the systemwide and the global economic and financial crises]. Ekonomika i matematicheskie metody = Economics and Mathematical Methods, 2011, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 43–53. (In Russ.)
Berezinskaya O.B., Vedev A.L. [Production dependence of Russian industry on imports and a mechanism of strategic imports phase-out]. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2015, no. 1, pp. 103–115. (In Russ.)
Shvets N.N. [Imports phase-out: The boundaries of energy security]. Vestnik MGIMO-Universiteta = MGIMO-University Bulletin, 2016, no. 1, pp. 180–187. (In Russ.)
Nevskaya N.A. [Economy re-industrialization as a base for import substitution under economic sanctions]. Ekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo = Economy and Entrepreneurship, 2014, no. 10, pp. 252–256. (In Russ.)
Ryazanov V.T. Import substitution and the new industrialization of Russia or how to overcome stagnation]. Ekonomist= Economist, 2014, no. 11, pp. 3–19. (In Russ.)
Linder N.V. [Diversified growth strategies and determination of optimal boundaries of large industrial business groups]. Effektivnoe antikrizisnoe upravlenie = Effective Crisis Management, 2014, no. 1, pp. 90–99. (In Russ.)
Polterovich V.M. [Where to go: Twenty-four propositions]. Ekonomicheskaya nauka sovremennoi Rossii = Economic Science of Modern Russia, 2014, no. 3, pp. 7–17. (In Russ.)
Funke M., Ruhwedel R. Product Variety and Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence for the OECD Countries. IMF Economic Review, 2001, vol. 48, iss. 2, pp. 225–242. doi: 10.2307/4621668
Tacchella A., Cristelli M., Caldarelli G., Gabrielli A., Pietronero L. Economic Complexity: Conceptual Grounding of a New Metrics for Global Competitiveness. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 2013, vol. 37, iss. 8, pp. 1683–1691.
Volkova I.O., Shuvalova D.G., Smirnov D.A. [Methods of localization of equipment production and technology in the strategic management of electric grid company]. Korporativnoe upravlenie i innovatsionnoe razvitie ekonomiki Severa: Vestnik Nauchno-issledovatel'skogo tsentra korporativnogo prava, upravleniya i venchurnogo investirovaniya Syktyvkarskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2012, no. 1. (In Russ.) Available at: Link.
Kritskaya S.S., Molchanova E.V., Klochkov V.V. [State industrial policy and localization of high-tech industries]. Materialy XV Drukerovskikh chtenii “Ekonomicheskaya politika: na puti k novoi paradigme” [Proc. 15th Drucker Readings Economic Policy: Towards a New Paradigm]. Moscow, Dobroe slovo Publ., 2013, vol. 2, pp. 6–16.
Markova V.Yu., Shuvalova D.G. [Developing the methodology to assess the level of localization of electrical engineering and power plant industry enterprises]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskie vedomosti Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Ekonomicheskie nauki = Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnic University Journal. Economics, 2015, no. 6, pp. 73–80. (In Russ.)
Nichiporenko A. [Localization according to the laws of globalization]. IKS, 2011, no. 4, pp. 35–36. (In Russ.)
Bendikov M.A. Strategicheskoe planirovanie razvitiya naukoemkikh tekhnologii i proizvodstv (na primere kosmicheskogo mashinostroeniya) [Strategic planning of science-intensive technologies and industries development (the case of space engineering)]. Moscow, Academia Publ., 2000, 304 p.
Bendikov M.A., Frolov I.E. Vysokotekhnologichnyi sektor promyshlennosti Rossii: sostoyanie, tendentsii, mekhanizmy innovatsionnogo razvitiya [The high-tech sector of Russian industry: Status, trends, mechanisms of innovative development]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2007, 583 p.
Kossov V.V. Mezhotraslevoi balans [Input-output balance]. Moscow, Ekonomika Publ., 1966, 226 p.
Kolesnik G.V., Shvets N.N. [Market structuring as an instrument to implement the State industrial policy]. Ekonomika i matematicheskie metody = Economics and Mathematical Methods, 2015, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 85–95. (In Russ.)