Importance The article is devoted to finding an economically viable and socially equitable method of sharing the budget for the maintenance and operation of the social infrastructure. The problem of financing of social infrastructure has recently become more important due to the increased attention to the human role in socio-economic processes while increasing State control over the spending of budget funds. Objectives The aim of this study was to validate and propose to use the most appropriate method of allocation of the budget between the objects of social sphere that would contribute to the improvement of their security. Methods In this regard, we have made comparative calculations of three methods on the basis of one, two and three standards. Using statistical methods, we have analyzed the various options for financial sustainability of the social infrastructure of the regions of the Siberian Federal District. For the evaluation, we used three criteria: economic, social, spatial. Results We give proof of the expediency of application of the method of distribution of budgetary funds between the regions to finance social infrastructure with the help of three standards. Particularly, we mean hospitals: one hospital bed per one thousand residents, per one unit of area. Conclusions and Relevance We concluded that the most appropriate option for financing of social infrastructure is the distribution of the budget by the method of three regulations that ensure a balance between the interests of three factors: the economy, society and space. The results obtained can be used for the calculation of the financial budget for social services of regions to enhance equal access to social services.
Keywords: social infrastructure, infrastructure security, economic efficiency, social justice, three regulations method, economy, society, space, Tyva Republic
Adadimova L.Yu., Polulyakh Yu.G., Kosachev A.M. [The two regulations as a tool for equitable distribution of grants and increasing the efficiency of crop production]. Modeli razvitiya sel'skogo khozyaistva v usloviyakh novoi ekonomiki: instrumentarii, formy, riski: mater. mezhdunar. nauchn.-prakt. konferentsii [Proc. Int. Sci. Conf. “Models of agricultural development in the new economy: instruments, forms, risks”]. Rostov-on-Don, Azov Pechat' Publ., 2013, pp. 411–416.
Adadimova L.Yu., Polulyakh Yu. G., Oidup T.M. Teoreticheskie i metodologicheskie aspekty primeneniya metoda dvukh normativov pri raspredelenii byudzhetnykh subsidii [Theoretical and methodological aspects of the two regulations method in the allocation of budget subsidies]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika = Economic analysis: theory and practice, 2013, no. 43, pp. 40–47.
Balakina G.F. Depressivnye regiony: formirovanie strategii sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya [Depressed regions: the formation of strategies for socio-economic development]. Kyzyl, Tuva Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources of Siberian Branch of RAS Publ., 2012, 218 p.
Balakina G.F. Strategii razvitiya depressivnogo regiona [Development strategies of the depressed region]. Kyzyl, Tuva Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources of Siberian Branch of RAS Publ., 2009, 72 p.
Bentam I. Izbrannye sochineniya [Selected Works]. St. Petersburg, vol. 1, 1860.
Duganov M.D. Otsenka effektivnosti raskhodov na zdravookhranenie na regional'nom i munitsipal'nom urovnyakh [The costs efficiency evaluation of medical care at the regional and municipal levels]. Moscow, Institute for Economy in Transition Publ., 2007, 192 p.
Lesh A. Geograficheskoe razmeshchenie khozyaistva [Geographic location of the economy]. Moscow, Inostrannaya literatura Publ., 1959, 455 p.
Nosova N.S. Sotsial'naya infrastruktura v vosproizvodstvennom protsesse [Social infrastructure in the reproduction process]. Moscow, Ekonomika Publ., 1984, 175 p.
Okushko N.B. Ekonomicheskie otsenki v zdravookhranenii [Economic evaluation in the health care]. Moscow, State University – Higher School of Economics Publ., 2008, 479 p.
Pigu A. Ekonomicheskaya teoriya blagosostoyaniya [The economic theory of welfare]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1985, vol. 1, 2, 968 p.
Pchelintsev O.S., Minchenko M.M. Sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy rossiiskoi infrastruktury. Kitai i Rossiya. Obshchee i osobennoe v sotsial'no-ekonomicheskom razvitii [Current status and the prospects of Russian infrastructure. In: China and Russia. The general and the special in the socio-economic development]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2005, 224 p.
Raizberg B.A., Lozovskii L.Sh., Starodubtseva E.B. Sovremennyi ekonomicheskii slovar' [A New Dictionary of Economics]. Moscow, INFRA-M Publ., 2006, 479 p.
Rat'kovskaya T.G. Sotsial'naya infrastruktura Sibiri: voprosy issledovaniya i razvitiya [The social infrastructure of Siberia: the research and development aspects]. Novosibirsk, Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering, Siberian Branch of RAS Publ., 2010, 176 p.
Regional'nye problemy razvitiya sotsial'noi infrastruktury [Regional development problems of social infrastructure]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1987, 271 p.
Rawls J. Teoriya spravedlivosti [Theory of Justice]. Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk State University Publ., 1995, 532 p.
Shabanova M.A. Sotsioekonomika [Socioeconomics]. Moscow, Ekonomika Publ., 2012, 559 p.
Yakobson L.I. Gosudarstvennyi sektor ekonomiki: ekonomicheskaya teoriya i politika [The public sector of the economy: economic theory and policy]. Moscow, State University – Higher School of Economics Publ., 2000, 369 p.