Moroshkina M.V.Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation firstname.lastname@example.org
The Russian Federation regions considerably differ in terms of economic structure, natural resource potential, economic and geographical position, basic level of regional development, dynamics of population and other factors. Thus, the rates of social and economic development of the Russian regions during market transformations were different, though the regions experienced identical external influence. As a result, there exists an increase in regional inequality, which creates certain problems for the State: economic and social tension; possibility of disintegration of the national economy. It is expedient to investigate the dynamics of regional inequality and identify its specifics. The author has analyzed the dynamics of interregional distinctions of the Russian regions by per capita GRP in current and comparable prices. While studying interregional distinctions of the Russian regions, the author applied the methods and tools used for modeling σ-convergence and β-convergence. The author has also considered the regularities of change in the indicator that characterizes the level of territory development. The research has demonstrated a change in the tendencies of interregional inequality of the Russian regions during various periods of 1990-2011. The analysis of σ-convergence and β-convergence revealed an unequal condition of tendencies in current and comparable prices. According to this circumstance, the inequality in economic development of the Russian regions during the studied period has its specifics. The analyzed period demonstrated different dynamics of per capita GRP in current and comparable prices.
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