The authors present a set of economic and mathematical tools to rate the economic status of enterprises under the analytic hierarchy process method. The method serves to solve a wide variety of analytical tasks of multicriteria choice, primarily when holding tenders and awarding contracts for goods, works and services procurement to supply public and municipal needs. The analytic hierarchy process is a relatively simple and effective way to measure various factors influencing the economic status of enterprises through the pairwise relative comparison of these factors. The analytic hierarchy process also enables to calculate corresponding ratio scale priorities between the factors, to rank them by all criteria, to build a hierarchy of the criteria, and to apply a pairwise comparison. The proposed economic and mathematical tools develop the analytic hierarchy process through developing an integral scorecard rating of economic status of enterprises, indicative scales of integral indicators of the rating, and a procedure for building coordinated intervals. The authors present a system of indicators and computation algorithms, which implement the analytic hierarchy process while solving the analytical task under consideration. The system of indicators and computation algorithms are universal and can serve to solve other tasks of the given class. The authors also present a computation procedure, which is based on the calculation of geometric mean values by matrix rows with their subsequent normalization. The procedure develops the method of analytic hierarchy process and enables to obtain integrated ratings of economic status of enterprises. Most of the procedures are of formalized and strictly justified nature. This fact significantly reduces the level of subjectivity inherent in all existing techniques with the elements of expert review. Therefore, the implementation of the tools can significantly increase the feasibility and effectiveness of solving a large number of analytical tasks. The article provides the rating tools' testing and possible practical application.
Bat'kovskii A.M., Trofimets V.Ya., Trofimets E.N. Otsenka finansovo-ekonomicheskogo sostoyaniya predpriyatii oboronno-promyshlennogo kompleksa [Assessing the financial and economic condition of enterprises of the military-industrial complex]. Voprosy radioelektroniki – Radioelectronics issues, 2014, no. 1, pp. 140–150.
Bat'kovskii A.M., Trofimets V.Ya., Trofimets E.N. Reitingovaya otsenka finansovo-ekonomicheskogo sostoyaniya predpriyatii na osnove metoda analiza ierarkhii [Rating of financial and economic status of enterprises based on the analytic hierarchy process method]. Voprosy radioelektroniki – Radioelectronics issues, 2014, no. 2, pp. 182–190.
Vikulov S.F., Khrustalev E.Yu. Voenno-ekonomicheskii analiz sovremennykh oboronnykh problem Rossii [A military and economic analysis of contemporary Russian defense problems]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika – Economic analysis: theory and practice, 2012, no. 12, pp. 2–9.
Glotov V.A., Pavel'ev V.V. Vektornaya stratifikatsiya [Vector stratification]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1984, 95 p.
Goryunov E.V. Vektornyi metod reitingovoi otsenki [A vector method of rating]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika – Economic analysis: theory and practice, 2012, no. 16, pp. 13–17.
Zade L.Ponyatie lingvisticheskoi peremennoi i ego primenenie k prinyatiyu priblizhennykh reshenii [The linguistic variable concept and its application in making approximate solutions]. Moscow, Mir Publ., 1976, 161 p.
Karminskii A.M., Sosyurko V.V. Sravnitel'nyi analiz modelei formirovaniya reitingov [A comparative analysis of rating formation models]. Finansovaya analitika: problemy i resheniya – Financial analytics: science and experience, 2010, no. 14, pp. 2–9.
Makarova N.V., Trofimets V.Ya. Statistika v Excel [Statistics in Excel]. Moscow, Finansy i statistika Publ., 2002, 367 p.
Saati T. Prinyatie reshenii. Metod analiza ierarkhii [Making decisions. The method of analytic hierarchy process]. Moscow, Radio i svyaz' Publ., 1989, 278 p.
Teoriya prognozirovaniya i prinyatiya reshenii [The theory of forecasting and decision making]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1977, 351 p.
Trofimets V.Ya., Bat'kovskii M.A. [Rating of financial and economic status of enterprises of the military-industrial complex based on the method of analytic hierarchy process]. Evolyutsiya ekonomicheskoi modeli Rossii: opyt proshlogo kak osnova budushchego: materialy V Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, Derbent,22–23 maya 2014g [Proc. Sci. Conf. “The evolution of the Russian economic model: experience of the past as a basis of the future”, Derbent, May 22–23, 2014]. Derbent, DSTU Branch Publ., 2014.
Fishburn P.Teoriya poleznosti dlya prinyatiya reshenii [Utility Theory for Decision Making]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1978, 352 p.
Khrustalev E.Yu. Problemy organizatsii i upravleniya v naukoemkikh otraslyakh ekonomiki Rossii [Problems of organization and management in the knowledge-intensive industries of the Russian economy]. Menedzhment v Rossii i za rubezhom – Management in Russia and abroad, 2001, no. 1, pp. 20–32.
Khrustalev E.Yu., Slavyanov A.S. Problemy razrabotki natsional'noi investitsionnoi strategii v usloviyakh finansovoi nestabil'nosti [Problems of developing the national investment strategy under conditions of financial instability]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' – National interests: priorities and security, 2009, no. 6, pp. 35–43.
Khrustalev E.Yu., Khrustalev O.E. Model'noe obosnovanie innovatsionnogo razvitiya naukoemkogo sektora rossiiskoi ekonomiki [A model-based substantiation of innovation development of the Russian economy’s high-tech sectors]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika – Economic analysis: theory and practice, 2013, no. 9, pp. 2–13.